Q2. The methods are:- 1. It has been known that Nitriding can offer more surface hardness compared to carburising and also as nitriding introduces a significant amount of Compressive stress by increase in volume it has very much beneficial w.r.t. Also, no separate heating is required as the plasma provides sufficient heating of the component's surface to reach the process temperature of typically 500°C. Gas-Nitriding: Gas nitriding is the most commonly used nitriding method. The most efficient and well-known methods of these treatments are plasma and gas nitriding or nitrocarburizing. During plasma nitriding, nitrogen capable of diffusion is supplied from the plasma to the surface; in gas nitriding, this is from ammonia gas. 3.1 Carburising 6 3.2 Gas nitriding 7 3.3 Plasma (ion) nitriding and liquid nitriding 10 3.4 Nitrocarburising11 3.5 Boriding or boronising 13 4 Applied energy methods 14 4.1 Induction hardening 14 5 Costs 15 6 Summary 16 7 References17 Disclaimer Euro Inox has made every effort to ensure that the information presented in this document is techni- Pack nitriding is not a reliable and reproducible process, whereas gas and liquid nitriding are not environmentally friendly, and tend to produce thick and brittle compound layers. ADVERTISEMENTS: The following points highlights the four main methods used for nitriding of steels. Nitemper ® is Ipsen's patented, internationally acclaimed process of ferritic nitrocarburizing that uses a 50% Endogas + 50% NH3 atmosphere. In the original method, components are heated at about […] Gas-Nitriding 2. As with carburising, nitriding can be carried out in any of the four states of matter (solid, liquid, gas and plasma). Plasma nitriding is a similar process to plasma carburising, but with the use of a nitrogen-hydrogen gas mixture rather than a hydrocarbon to produce the glow discharge plasma. Can carburising case by virtue of it's volume change can improve fatigue life ? Liquid Nitriding. It is a thermochemical diffusion process where nitrogen, carbon, and to a very small degree, oxygen atoms diffuse into the surface of the steel part, forming a compound layer at the surface, and a diffusion layer. Nitrocarburising. Gas carburization shares similarities with pack carburization, necessitating the pumping of carbon monoxide. Q1. Material: identify the material used as accurately as possible using a BS number or maker's code. Nitrocarburising is a variation of the case hardening process. The gas used for plasma nitriding is usually pure nitrogen, since no spontaneous decomposition is needed (as is the case of gaseous ferritic nitrocarburizing with 1.0 - Comparative Study – Conventional Nitriding VS. Method # 1. In this process, carbon monoxide is continuously pumped into an enclosed environment. Nitreg ® is a modern heat treating process, capable of meeting the metallurgical requirements of all nitriding specifications that may have been originally written for salt bath, plasma or traditional gas nitriding. The difference is that it doesn't necessitate the presence of carbon-dense items. Ionitriding (Plasma), or Glow-Discharge Nitriding 4. component's fatigue performance life. As stated previously, ion (plasma) or gas nitriding each have their own ideal applications, but neither of them is a panacea for all applications. Single-Stage and Double-Stage Nitriding 3. Indicate its heat-treated condition (e.g. Nitriding. Contrary to conventional nitriding, both carbon and nitrogen are diffused into the steel at a … gas or plasma). If a particular processing medium is required, indicate (ie. Instruction: nitride/nitride harden. Nitempering Furnace. hardened and tempered). Plasma nitriding offers the following advantages over gas nitriding: No harmful ingredients like ammonia are used; only non-toxic gases contained in the air.