Night work is often necessary to complete a given task on a construction site. A major problem with night time work-zone lighting arrangements is the insufficiency of the lighting provided to perform the construction or maintenance task. Nearly 15 million Americans work a permanent night shift or regularly rotate in and out of night shifts, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Choose fruit as snacks, rather than chocolate or crisps. These are the important risk management steps: Risk identification is the process of determining which risks might affect the project and documenting their characteristics using tools such as brainstorming and checklists. When typical daily rhythm is thrown off balance, so too is metabolism. Night shifts for doctors are unavoidable. 2020. This review is concerned with those who work other schedules either on shifts or with extended hours which transcend the day-night work-sleep pattern. Keep consecutive night shifts to a minimum. Women who will lift and build others.” Women’s empowerment changes the game. The fundamental tenets of risk allocation include allocating risks to the party that is best able to manage them, allocating risks in alignment with project goals, and allocating risks to promote team alignment with customer-oriented performance goals. If you need assistance with writing your essay, our professional essay writing service is here to help! Providing training about night shift work risks and sources of information and support. When overhead crane is operating near the public, clear off the area and make sure adequate supervision is in place. Shift work means working outside the usual 7 am - 6 pm time period. Providing training about night shift work risks and sources of information and support. night and shift work. Fugitive dust may be generated by construction operations, and the contract specifications should require that the contractor prepare a dust control plan. Night Shift Safety. Night Work Specification 1.0 HOURS OF WORK “Night time hours” are defined as per the Tender documents. Night time construction lighting arrangements have an impact on project safety, quality, cost, and productivity. All Rights Reserved. People often think shift work You can make sure your business and staff get the best from night shift work by considering health & safety procedures. Company registered in Ireland. Safety (DPS) crash data to assess the ramifications of night work on crash experiences, and an assessment of differences in operational characteristics of traffic at nighttime and daytime work zones. Night time construction introduces numerous risks to a construction project. BeSMART.ie - Free Safety Statement & Risk Assessment Resource Work schedules like these may cause worker fatigue. Sound is energy in motion as a pressure wave through the air produced by a vibrating body. Fatigue – The Number One Shift Work Safety Problem. The type of work assignment may be different. Risk monitoring and control assists in tracking and resolution. She specializes in communicating how implementing tech in construction can drive productivity and profit. Construction Night Works SWMS | Safe Work Method Statement. Night Work: Risks Why Do We Focus on Night Work? Hard hats, High Visibility etc. A three-decibel change in noise level is a barely noticeable difference, while a 10-dB change is perceived subjectively as a doubling/halving in loudness (Shane J.S., 2012). In many cases, dust control is not a problem that is limited to night time activities; therefore, air quality or dust control plans should be for all hours of the day or night (Shane J.S., 2012). (Shane J.S., 2012). Depending on the nature of the job, there may be hazards associated with night shift work. The plans are based on a moderately active job on the traditional shift pattern, for example, factory workers, warehouse employees, forklift truck drivers, etc. VAT Registration No: 842417633. Employers should submit their application for work permit to Local Government Authority and it is advisable to follow all requirements enforced by the authority prior to executing night time construction works. After years of shift work, I ultimately reached my tipping point. “Normal” hours of work are generally taken to mean a working day with hours left for recreation and rest. © Copyright GoContractor 2020. The Occupational Safety and Health Association (OSHA) states that “workers generally will not acclimate to night work, and sleep patterns will generally be disrupted so the non-work periods do not provide full recovery, resulting in sleep deprivation.”. Night workers who lack seniority for day shift assignments may be less experienced and less aware of safe work practices. Anyone who normally works at least 3 hours of their working day during this night period is classed as a night worker. The ability to visualize an object or a target depends on the contrast between that object and the background. Cluster night shifts together. Therefore, it is good to be prepared for night shift work. Some sites are naturally darker than others, and during the winter months, daylight hours are limited. By establishing a construction night work plan and following best practices, crews stay safe while working in less distracting conditions. Employers need to plan before hand the workforce required, special arrangement for safety provision such as sufficient work area lighting, retro-reflective clothing, flashing lights on equipments or structures and retro-reflective tape at work area surroundings. Zero dB, by international agreement, corresponds to an air pressure level of 20 micro-Pascals (in other words, the agreed-upon threshold of hearing). *You can also browse our support articles here >. Accidents can occur as a result of poor housekeeping. How To Get Workers to Rapidly Adopt Your Safety Plan, Boosting New Worker Safety Reduces Injuries, Cuts Medical Costs, How Women’s Empowerment Boosts Company Growth, Educate your managers and workers about the importance of sleep, Ensure all your workers have undergone a risk assessment test, Ensure all employees are aware of the dangers coming to and from work due to fatigue – advise on carpools/public transport/taxis, Ensure the site is well lit at night as workers should not be allowed to work in the dark, Allow workers to have regular rests throughout their shift. We've received widespread press coverage since 2003, Your UKEssays purchase is secure and we're rated 4.4/5 on reviews.co.uk. The best way to address night time construction work-zone risks and hazards is through risk management programs. Be ready to put in a shift at night if you work as a doctor, firefighter, nurse, air … It is also recommended that night work approved by the local authorities be informed to the residents/occupants of the surrounding neighbourhood. PPT-SM-SHIFT_FATIGUE 2014 . This is intended to help workers sleep seven to eight hours each day. Getting enough off-duty sleep is the most effective way to maintain alertness. Employers are required to: consult employees and elected representatives on health and safety at work For introduction text, please see Shift Worker – Early Shift meal plan. Rest days may increasingly be experienced as periods of recovery and recuperation from work. Avoid permanent (fixed or non-rotating) night shifts. Choose from the following available resources Health and Safety Fact Sheets (OSH Answers) But it also presents many serious concerns for workers and motorists. Based on the responses by the workers, a positive safety climate on the three sites was found: • 90% have control over safety. ... Night Work and Shift Work. Driving to and from work can be risky, particularly after a long shift, a night shift … Avoid several days of work followed by four- to seven-day "mini-vacations". You can make sure your business and staff get the best from night shift work by considering health & safety procedures. The clarification of the sub-topic will studies about the night time construction, planning aspect, and the impact of night-time construction operations on safety, quality, environmental factors, and productivity. Provide brief breaks every one to two hours during demanding work, and allow for longer meal breaks. It is essential that the workplace is kept clean and tidy to ensure safety and prevent accidents. Working night shifts upsets these rhythms and leads to increased fatigue, stress, and lack of concentration. Night Shift Manager. While you slumber, your body gets rid of toxins, repairs injury, and reduces stress. No plagiarism, guaranteed! Project Manager, Engineers, Designers, Safety Officer and Site Supervisors as well as workers each have their specific responsibility to make sure the highest level of priority are given towards safety and health issues. Circadian rhythms regulate body temperature, metabolism, digestion, blood pressure, secretion of adrenaline, sleeping and waking. Try our 12 tips. Finding a Sleep Balance Learn about your circadian rhythm. hbspt.cta.load(6063336, '86079b35-fece-4ca4-b961-3b53b01ea8c9', {}); Sonya is the Brand Strategy Manager at GoContractor. On 5 August 2015, the TUC published a report, "A Hard Day's Night" highlighting the effect of shift work on work/life balance. At some point within a construction worker’s career, it is likely that they will experience working in the dark.. Exercise has been shown to boost alertness, making an exercise bike or treadmill available for interested workers may minimize the risk of “hitting the wall”. In order to decide when to conduct night time work, factors (parameters) affecting night time work must be identified. Permission to work at night should be obtained from the relevant authority before construction works at night is carried out. With urban night time construction projects being very close to people’s living space, dust can be a problem. Frontline CUPE workers are critical to the health and safety of the public. Instead, it governs shift worker safety under the OSH Act's General Duty Clause. In the previous in Chapter 1, the overview of this study was explained about and the problem was identified. A whisper is about 30 dB, conversational speech is about 60 dB, and 130 dB is the threshold of physical pain. The human body has follows a daily rhythm which is known as ‘circadian rhythms’. Put shift-work on the agenda. Conduct safety orientation and regular training sessions for workers. From simple essay plans, through to full dissertations, you can guarantee we have a service perfectly matched to your needs. Construction Night shifts are a fact of life for many companies and employees. Purchase sufficient new safety equipment for a new construction project or to add existing inventory. However, contractors should consider the increased safety risk at the workplace when conducting any construction activities at night. shift work pattern and what they can do to help you. Like, ugly sobbing over the bathroom sink 10 minutes before I had to leave type of breakdowns. Women working in night-shifts in particular, have been found to face increased rates of breast cancer, as well as menstrual disturbances and decreased fertility. Workers are exposed to many high risk unsafe working conditions at construction site. SKU: C-964 Duration: 11 ... Night shift work can expose workers to a range of hazards, including sleep deprivation, ... Plan for additional water truck usage and other dust suppression engineering controls when dust further limits visibility. The purpose of these Regulations is to give effect, in respect of night workers and shift workers, to the safety and health protection provisions of Article 9 of EU Directive 93/104/EC of 23 November, 1993 concerning certain aspects of the organisation of working time. 1) Interferes With Natural Sleep Rhythms. Arrange noisy equipments or machinery at farthest point from the public or adopt an engineering control to reduce the noise. Sleep is extremely important for your overall health. The length of a shift can vary between 8 and 12 hours. It is suggested that agencies and contractors begin their risk management processes early and review the risk management program carefully prior to beginning night time work. It is not intended as a legal interpretation of the legislation. Advantages of night work: • Reduced traffic volume — less congestion, improved mobility. Company Number 61-1751295. PLEASE NOTE: THIS PUBLICATION IS ALSO AVAILABLE IN HARD COPY FORMAT AND CAN BE ORDERED BY PHONING 1890 289389 OR DOWNLOAD FOR FREE BELOW. Common problems that might occur are poor visibility in the working environment, working in a drowsy condition, and communication problems with the day shift. Employers have an obligation not only to employees but also to contractors and their employees. It’s helpful to cluster night shifts together and stick to a night shift sleep schedule even on your off days. GoContractor Inc, 300 Park Avenue New York 10022. A report by Harvard University showed the risk increased to about 6% on the second night, 17% on the third, and 36% on the fourth night. It is believed that if men and women participate equally in the workplace, India’s GDP could increase by up to 60 percent by 2025. Specific concerns related to night time work zones include poor visibility and work quality, staffing issues, unwanted noise and glare, decreased worker and driver alertness, impaired drivers, higher vehicle speeds, increased labour costs, materials and traffic control, and problems in logistics and supervision. This SWMS is intended for use as an attachment, to be used in addition to the … One clear set of examples is driver and worker fatigue and reduced visibility, which are factors that could increase safety risks. 2nd Floor, 29 / 31 William St S, Dublin, D02 EY96. They are intended for use by employees and by union and other employee representatives who have to … According to Derek Simpson (2005), night work is defined as a 7 hour period which includes that between midnight and 5am, usually 11pm to 6am. We can do things to lessen the negative health impacts of shift work without compromising services. Allowing an unfit worker to work at night will endanger the worker and other worker in the same work area. Your normal “body clock” wants you to be awake, alert, and productive during the daytime. If you work shifts, you may find that you experience: A change in appetite; Trouble falling asleep or getting a good night’s sleep Night workers, who lack seniority for day work assignments, may be less experienced and less aware of all safe work practices. Where such work involves any “special hazards or heavy physical or mental strain” the 8 hours limit applies to each 24 hour period, not an average 8 hours over the reference period. Others don’t have a choice. While they allow companies to keep a job going 24/7 if there is a deadline in place, in many cases night shifts are used to avoid causing disruption during busy, ‘high traffic’ periods. This guide will increase your understanding of night and shift work and its potential impact on health and safety. Disruption of Circadian Rhythm. The hints and tips below draw on commonly available advice and best practice from a range of sources and may improve sleep quality, increase alertness and reduce health risks for shift workers. Do you have a 2:1 degree or higher? All work is written to order. Therefore, it is imperative that employers are aware of the risks and employees have received the proper worksite safety training to cope with night shifts. Researchers found that night work activity does significantly increase the likelihood of crashes on a facility, sometimes quite dramatically. Disclaimer: This is an example of a student written essay.Click here for sample essays written by our professional writers. Application must be made after meeting DWC -QHSSE requirements. It is also recommended to notify the nearest police station, BOMBA, hospitals or clinics so that they can prepare accordingly in case of an emergency. Have a safety incentive program and make it well known to workers. Our academic experts are ready and waiting to assist with any writing project you may have. The higher the precision required in a task, the higher the level of illumination needed. For example, the Canadian Center for Occupational Health […] read more, There’s no denying it: “The world needs strong women. Shift work sleep disorder is a circadian rhythm sleep disorder characterized by insomnia, excessive sleepiness, or both.Shift work is considered essential for the diagnosis. These risks are categorized broadly as safety, cost/production and schedule, quality, organizational relationships, technical, construction, economic, and environmental. Of us work 12-hour shifts, and reporting of project performance, as... 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