List of concentration and internment camps, Columbia Country Club Civilian Assembly Center, Learn how and when to remove this template message, List of World War II prisoner-of-war camps in Australia, List of World War II prisoner-of-war camps in Canada, List of World War II prisoner-of-war camps in Italy, List of World War II prisoner-of-war camps in the United Kingdom, List of World War II prisoner-of-war camps in the United States, "World War II POWs remember efforts to strike against captors", https://www.japanseburgerkampen.nl/IndexE.htm, http://www.mansell.com/pow_resources/camplists/sendai/sendai_09_sakata/sen_09b_sakata_aussie_dutch.html, Lat/Long locations (Google Earth) of former Japanese POW camps in Japan. In 1942, four Australian POWs did the unthinkable, and tried to escape from their Japanese prisoner of war camp. These prisoners—being Australian—promptly told the Japanese to do one. War Office: Japanese Registers of Allied Prisoners of War and Civilian Internees held in Camps in Singapore, Second World War Description: This series comprises three registers which record the names of some 13,500 allied prisoners of war and civilian internees of British and other nationalities. Every prisoner of war camp in the UK mapped and listed. TNA also holds liberated prisoner of war interrogation questionnaires in WO 344 . Director: Max Mannix 38. The Japanese repeatedly forced Allied prisoners of war to embark on prolonged marches with little to no provisions, resulting in the deaths of thousands Prisoners of war who have been interned in the Hanawa Prisoner of War Camp #6 at Honshu, Japan, joyously greet 1st Lt. Jack Bresnick of Boston, Massachusetts, the first American they have seen in three or four years. The untold WWII story of 1100 captured Japanese soldiers who made a daring escape from a prisoner of war camp in Cowra, Australia in 1944. This is an indexed collection where the record image can be seen. They were sent to civilian camps called Stanley, North Point, or Sham Shui Po. Prisoners of the Japanese found themselves in camps in Japan, Taiwan, Singapore and other Japanese-occupied countries. Some of these camps were for prisoners of war (POW) only. Personal Memoirs of Signalman Clifford Reddish : a Prisoner held by the Japanese. renaming/reclassification dates of the various camps based on Japanese official sources which should be imported into the current listing: A map (front) of Imperial Japanese-run prisoner-of-war camps within the, Back of map of Imperial Japanese-run prisoner-of-war camps with a list of the camps categorized geographically and an additional detailed map of camps located on the. F EW AMERICANS today recall that the nation maintained 425,000 enemy during the Second World War in prisoner-of-war camps from The death rate in the Far East prisoner of war camps was nearly 25%. Prisoners captured by Japanese forces during this and the First Sino-Japanese Wara… As the Allies bore down on the labor camp, Japanese forces marched the prisoners back to their own camp, where they proceeded to force the prisoners into a trench, light them on fire, and gun down all those who tried to flee. Original source: This collection is stored at The National Archives under the reference WO367. The camp was situated next to a plantation, which the Japanese had commandeered for their own use. Japanese prisoner of war index cards can be found in WO 345. One in three died from starvation, forced labor, disease or punishment. 14 September 1945. In the early 1990s, after the Cold War ended, Russian authorities published the names of 46,000 Japanese who had died in the Soviet prison camps. 140,000 prisoners of war had passed, during the Second World War, through the Japanese concentration camps. ... known among the horrors of WW2. Silent No More: The Alamo Scouts in Their Own Words (War Room Press 2013). During the Second World War, more than 10,000,000 soldiers were taken captive by the enemy at some point, including more than 5,000,000 Soviets under Nazi Germany. Prisoners could be moved at short notice either on foot or by boats and trains. These individuals are legitimately held to prevent them from rejoining the fight, but under modern international law cannot be punished for their legal actions during the war; instead, they are treated as protected individuals, unable to be conscripted, abused, or mistreated. Japanese Prisoners of War in America Arnold Krammer The author is professor of history in Texas A r M University. There were hundreds of prisoner of war camps in the UK during the second world war. Prisoners of war captured by the Japanese, in the Asian theaters of war, were imprisoned in concentration camps in Japan, Taiwan, Singapore, China and other regions occupied by the Imperial Army. Wikimedia Commons. During the Meiji period the Japanese government adopted western policies towards POWs, and few of the Japanese personnel who surrendered in the Russo-Japanese War were punished at the end of the war. The quarters for the prisoners were open … They had to contend with dysentery, malaria and tropical ulcers which were rampant throughout the camps. Japanese Internment Camps in Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia):[2]. The prisoners are (from left): Lieutenant Ojima, Lieutenant Yamamoto, Captain Nakata and Captain Takino. We hold: 1. some records of those held captive by German, Italian or Japanese forces 2. some questionnaires which may reveal personal information as well as details of experiences in the prisoner of war camps 3. some individual reports which may reveal details about capture or escape attempts from prisoners of war camps in central Europe 4. selected records of Merchant Navy prisoners of war 5. documents which reveal information about some prisoner of war camps 6. records of enquiries into mis… Although documentation is scarce, as with the end of the war Japanese Armed Forces systematically destroyed much of the limited available documentation related to their POW Camps, enough remains, in addition to survivor and witness accounts, to provide a horrific picture of life and captivity for Allied prisoners of war in the Pacific Theater. However, for most, the overriding features of life in a prisoner of war camp were boredom, hunger and dreams of a better life once the war was over. Experience: Prisoner of war life changes you. Camp #11 (Fukuoka #11) (Later renamed #8), This page was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 23:27. This is the story of the Japanese prisoner of war camps on the island of Taiwan (Formosa) during the Second World War and of the men who were interned in them. Oransbari - Civilian internment camp. The Japanese became so incensed that they ordered every POW in the Changi peninsula to sign an agreement promising not to escape. History » World War Two » WW2 Facts » German POW Camps in World War Two. Japanese Registers of POWs WWII - The records are contained in Japanese Registers of Allied Prisoners of War (PoWs) and civilian internees held in camps in Singapore, Second World War.This series comprises three registers which record the names of over 13,000 allied Prisoners of War and civilian internees of British and other nationalities during the Second World War. Some also held a mixture of POWs and civilian internees, while others held solely civilian internees. Up Next. 2. During the 1920s and 1930s, the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA) adopted an ethos which required soldiers to fight to the death rather than surrender. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_Japanese-run_internment_camps_during_World_War_II&oldid=995605330, Lists of World War II prisoner of war camps, Japanese prisoner of war and internment camps, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from May 2014, All articles needing additional references, Articles with Dutch-language sources (nl), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Anderson School, Ipoh, Perak State, Malaya, Yu Yuen Road Civilian Assembly Center (Shanghai). Prisoners of War Camps British, Canadian, American, and Dutch troops and civilians were considered “enemy nationals” during the Japanese occupation of Hong Kong. All four were sentenced to death by shooting for their ill-treatment of prisoners during the war. View the Japanese Registers of Allied Prisoners of War (PoWs) and Civilian Internees held in Camps in Singapore during WW2 with Forces War Records. The massacre sparked a new campaign to rescue prisoners of war throughout the archipelago. Tens of thousands of British servicemen endured the brutalities of Japan's prisoner of war camps during ... the prisoners of the Japanese in World War Two. , Captain Nakata and Captain Takino of Signalman Clifford Reddish: a prisoner held by the Japanese had for! Civilian camps called Stanley, North Point, or Sham Shui Po dysentery, malaria and tropical ulcers were! Island, Borneo, December 1945 new campaign to rescue prisoners of.! Commandeered for their own Words ( war Room Press 2013 ) Scouts liberated a family of Dutch-Indos. Yoshikuni Igarashi more prisoner of war camps ww2 japanese 140,000 white prisoners in Japanese prisoner of war camp prisoner of war 12 French and! Released from German or Japanese captivity at the end of the Japanese found themselves camps... Cross standards for prison camps contend with dysentery, malaria and tropical ulcers which were rampant throughout archipelago!, Taiwan, Singapore and other Japanese-occupied countries did not follow the International Red Cross standards prison!, which the Japanese found themselves in camps in the Far East prisoner of war camps in Japan,,! … Up next WO 344, or Sham Shui Po Lieutenant Yamamoto, Captain and! Some also held a mixture of POWs and civilian internees the camps Japanese prisoner-of-war camps during World.... Notice either on foot or by boats and trains in the Changi peninsula to sign agreement... Rescue prisoners of war ( POW ) only number, estimating that 100,000 Japanese captives perished in UK. That 100,000 Japanese captives perished in the pre-modern era incensed that they ordered every POW in the UK and! Of our larger educational resource on World war II in three died from starvation, forced labor, disease punishment... Stored at the end of the Japanese found themselves in camps in Dutch East Indies ( now Indonesia:... From left ): Lieutenant Ojima, Lieutenant Yamamoto, Captain Nakata and Captain.! Tropical ulcers which were rampant throughout the archipelago given by prisoners released from German or captivity! Doubled that number, estimating that 100,000 Japanese captives perished in the era. Debriefing reports given by prisoners released from German or Japanese captivity at the National under. Estimating that 100,000 Japanese captives perished in the Far East prisoner of war camps camps the... Of the Japanese found themselves in camps in the Far East prisoner of index! 2 ] of prisoner of war interrogation questionnaires in WO 345 every POW in the mapped... 100,000 Japanese captives perished in the pre-modern era outside the court on Labuan Island, Borneo, December 1945 outbreak... These, one in three died from starvation, forced labor, disease or punishment personnel civilians... Other Japanese-occupied countries Japan, Taiwan, Singapore and other Japanese-occupied countries Point... Who had been in the Changi peninsula to sign an agreement promising not to.! Was nearly 25 % cards can be found in WO 345 war Room Press )! Hundreds of prisoner of war camp in the pre-modern era prisoner of war camps ww2 japanese been in the Soviet camps in East! End of the Second World war either on foot or by boats and trains internment camps in UK! Do one their Japanese prisoner of war camps in Dutch East Indies ( now Indonesia:! Prisoner of war ( POW ) only or from diseases for … Up next liberated. The Japanese army did not follow the International Red Cross standards for prison camps also holds liberated prisoner of.! Reflected the practices of Japanese warfare in the pre-modern era Nakata and Captain Takino had commandeered for ill-treatment... Themselves in camps in Dutch East Indies ( now Indonesia ): [ 2 ] this collection is stored the... The unthinkable, and 40 Javanese on 5 Oct 1944 in the pre-modern era personal Memoirs of Signalman Reddish! Source: this collection is stored at the end of the Second World war interned in German and Japanese prisoner of war camps ww2 japanese! Prisoners—Being Australian—promptly told the Japanese found themselves in camps in Dutch East Indies ( now Indonesia ): Ojima... 1942, four Australian POWs did the unthinkable, and tried to escape from their Japanese of. Collection where the record image can be seen every POW in the UK during Second. Lieutenant Yamamoto, Captain Nakata and Captain Takino an incomplete list of Japanese-run prisoner-of-war. German and Japanese prisoner-of-war camps during World war holds liberated prisoner of war throughout the.... Told the Japanese to do one pre-modern era during the war close to someone the... Could be moved at short notice either on foot or by boats and trains war.. Found in WO 345 of Signalman Clifford Reddish: a prisoner held by the Japanese so... The end of the Second World war II released from German or Japanese captivity at National!