It allows the occupying power for "imperative reasons of security" to "subject them [protected persons] to assigned residence or to internment." It is composed of 159 articles. Commentary, Jean Pictet writes: To dissipate any misconception in regard to the scope of Article 53, it must be pointed out that the property referred to is not accorded general protection; the Convention merely provides here for its protection in occupied territory. It will be remembered that Article 23 (g) of the Hague Regulations forbids the unnecessary destruction of enemy property; since that rule is placed in the section entitled "hostilities", it covers all property in the territory involved in a war; its scope is therefore much wider than that of the provision under discussion, which is only concerned with property situated in occupied territory.[7]. Geneva Conventions of 1949 and Additional Protocols, and their Commentaries Geneva Convention (I) on Wounded and Sick in Armed Forces in the Field,1949 and its commentary 12.08.1949 Geneva Convention (II) on Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked of Armed Forces at Sea, 1949 and its commentary Those responsible for grave breaches must be sought, tried or extradited, whatever nationality they may hold. For example, it protects hospital ships. This Convention replaced Hague Convention of 1907 for the Adaptation to Maritime Warfare of the Principles of the Geneva Convention. "[9], The ICRC states that Annex II is a "...draft which, according to Article 109 (paragraph 1) of the Convention, will be applied in the absence of special agreements between the Parties, deals with the conditions for the receipt and distribution of collective relief shipments. (a) violence to life and person, in particular murder of all kinds. Right of appeal, The Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949. They are similar in all four Geneva Conventions. Article 56 describes the medical obligations the occupying power has in the occupied territory: Article 78 deals with internment. The Conventions and their Protocols call for measures to be taken to prevent or put an end to all breaches. It has 63 articles specifically applicable to war at sea. These provide protection for the wounded and sick, but also for medical and religious personnel, medical units and medical transports. It has three annexes containing a model agreement on hospital and safety zones, model regulations on humanitarian relief and model cards. Article 5 provides for the suspension of persons' rights under the Convention for the duration of time that this is "prejudicial to the security of such State", although "such persons shall nevertheless be treated with humanity and, in case of trial, shall not be deprived of the rights of fair and regular trial prescribed by the present Convention.". [5] The conventions, to counter this, reiterated the principle of individual responsibility. Commentary on the Additional Protocols of 8 June 1977 to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949 Yves Sandoz, Christophe Swinarski, and Bruno Zimmermann, editors Geneva, 1987 This Convention represents the fourth updated version of the Geneva Convention on the wounded and sick following those adopted in 1864, 1906 and 1929. Internment and assigned residence. They were signed into international law in 1949 in Geneva, Switzerland and form the backbone of international humanitarian law. The fourth Geneva Convention affords protection to civilians, including in occupied territory. In World War II, both the Germans and the Japanese carried out a form of collective punishment to suppress resistance. So-Called special agreements war, Article 13: Field of application of these rules does not allow the power... 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