The holy and ecumenical synod, gathered together in Ephesus at the behest of the most pious princes, [sends greeting] to the bishops, priests, deacons and the whole people in every province and city. Wherefore Luke points out that the pedigree which traces the generation of our Lord back toÂ AdamÂ contains seventy-two generations, connecting the end with the beginning, and implying that it is He who has summed up in Himself all nations dispersed fromÂ Adamdownwards, and all languages and generations ofÂ men, together withÂ AdamÂ himself. my Son!ânot doubting that she was understood by Him, infant as He was; and that thus she adored Him, kissing his feet as God, His hands as her Lord, and His face as her Son. When Jesus is twelve years old, He goes with His parents to Jerusalem for the feast of the Passover. Mary and Joseph were presenting the Only Begotten Son to the Eternal Father, in a temple that was merely the shadow and copy of the real temple in heaven. The same principle will be observed for other dioceses and provinces everywhere. This is what Paul says to all. For this reason did the Lord declare that the first should inÂ truthÂ be last, and the last first.Â MatthewÂ 19:30,Â MatthewÂ 20:16Â And theÂ prophet, too, indicates the same, saying,Â instead of fathers, children have been born unto you.For the Lord, having been bornÂ the First-begotten of the dead,Â RevelationÂ 1:5Â and receiving into His bosom the ancient fathers, has regenerated them into the life ofÂ God, He having been made Himself the beginning of those that live, asÂ AdamÂ became the beginning of those who die.Â 1Â CorinthiansÂ 15:20-22Â Wherefore also Luke, commencing the genealogy with the Lord, carried it back to Adam, indicating that it was He who regenerated them into theÂ GospelÂ of life, and not they Him. “And of His kingdom there shall be no end.”, âBlessed art thou among women, for thou hast brought forth life…The mother of our race brought punishment into the world; the mother of our Lord brought salvation to the world. The care you take in labouring for those who have been scandalised is well taken and we are grateful to you both for the thought you devote to things divine and for the concern you have even for those who live here. On one matter, however, I cannot be silent, as silence would in that case be very dangerous. In addition, when they come together, they should commit clearly to writing whatever conduces to the creation of concord, communion and order. Shaun McAfee writes that each passing Advent helps him to consider the conditions and anxieties of the first Christmas, which is why praying the Joyful Mysteries with heartfelt contemplation comes as a timely advantage. Theophylact interpretsÂ singing in the field, as though fromÂ Î±Ï
ÌÎ»ÎµÎ¹ÌÎ½,Â to sing. Ribadaneira says that there is a tradition to the effect that the Blessed Virgin, as soon as she saw Christ, struck with wonder at God made Man, prostrated herself on the ground before Him, and, with the deepest reverence and joy of heart, saluted Him with the words, Thou art come to one who has longed for Thee, my God! After the feast of the Passover, Joseph and Mary unknowingly set out for Nazareth without Jesus. The Annunciation. Mary Visits Elizabeth Mary, Spouse of the Holy Spirit, Most Blessed of … And she herself on a certain anniversary of the Nativity made a revelation to S. Bridget, as the latter tells us in book vi. xii., and Erasmus on this same passage, affirm that she did. Why does God give us such beautiful gifts and then ask us to give them up?Â Why does he allow a loving heart to be pierced with loss?Â These questions must be brought to Mary, who suffered this sword in a terrible way, more than any mother, any father. We will state briefly what we are convinced of and profess about. But we adore him as one and the same, because the body is not other than the Word, and takes its seat with him beside the Father, again not as though there were two sons seated together but only one, united with his own flesh.Â. And my spirit hath rejoiced in God my Saviour.â. For the Saints, and above all the Blessed Virgin, are full of the fiery spirit of love. There are many annunciation moments in our life, and sometimes we hesitate to say yes because we cannot foresee the future or control what will happen. The Joyful Mysteries. Lucius Dexter in his Chronicle, which he dedicates to S. Jerome, says, âA.U.C. She might not be believed. . A decree on the faith,Â approved in the sixth session on 22 July, which confirmed the Nicene creed, ordered adherence to that alone and forbade the production of new creeds. And when Joseph saw these things, he marvelled with great joy and gladness that I had brought forth without assistance.â And in the âAngelic Discourse,â ch. ForÂ it was not they that spoke, but the Spirit of God the Father, who proceeds from him and who is not distinct from the Son in essence. Meditations on the Mysteries of the Rosary ©2016 by St. Cecilia Congregation, LBP Communications Dominican Sisters of St. Cecilia Congregation 801 Dominican Drive Nashville, Tennessee 37228-1909 Nihil Obstat: Father Alfred Wilder, O.P., Ph.D. Therefore, since common diseases need more healing as they bring greater harm with them, if it has not been a continuous ancient custom for the bishop of Antioch to hold ordinations in Cyprusâas it is asserted in memorials and orally by the religious men who have come before the synod â the prelates of the holy churches of Cyprus shall, free from molestation and violence, use their right to perform by themselves the ordination of reverent bishops for their island, according to the canons of the holy fathers and the ancient custom. How did you become so perverted in thought and fall into such a sickness of idiocy? When this had been read out in the presence of all, it was agreed that it had been well made and was correct. But He still claimed them for His own, For inasmuch as He had a pre-existenceÂ as a saving Being, it was necessary that what might be saved should also be called intoÂ existence, in order that the Being who saves should not exist in vain. The vigorous and zealous execution of all these decrees is enjoined upon the reverent bishops Valerian and Amphilochius and the other reverent bishops throughout the whole province. If the remainder was an attempt to introduce some hidden and incomprehensible wisdom to the ears of the readers, it is for your sharpness to decide. ch. Her virginity and womb remains intact, “as the rays of the sun penetrate glass.”. Moreover the Blessed Virgin was more the parent of Christ than other mothers are of their children; for from her Christ received all His substance, and other sons receive it not only from their mother and but also from their father. Ver. Symbolically, these five shekels stood for the five wounds of Christ, with which, as with a price, He redeems the human race. And laid Him in a manger.Â Passing over the various opinions on the subject recorded by Baronius and others, we may note that the place of Christâs birth was not the stable belonging to some rustic dwelling, but a cave hewn out of a rock at the eastern end of the city of Bethlehem. 12. Mini Meditations on the Joyful Mysteries . And she brought forth her firstborn son, and wrapped him in swaddling clothing and laid him in a manger, because there was no room for them in the inn.”, Catechism of the Catholic Church:Â #437, 535-536. Announce “The Fifth Joyful Mystery – Finding Jesus in the Temple” and then say the Our Father. The mother of S. Francis, being pregnant, and, unable to give birth to her child, advised by a poor pilgrim to betake herself to a stable, did as she was told, and there gave birth to S. Francis, the imitator of Christâs poverty. I also applaud your statement that God the Word needed no second generation from a woman, and your confession that the godhead is incapable of suffering. Consequently those anywhere in that province who subscribed to the heresy of the Messalians or Enthusiasts, or who were suspected of the disease, whether clerical or lay, are to come together; if theyÂ sign the anathemasaccording to what was promulgated in the aforementioned synod, should they be clergy they should remain such and if laity they are to remain in communion. The Blessed Mother is preserved from the punishment of original sin and so experiences no labor pains in childbirth. Cyprian, or whoever is the author of the book, âOn the Chief Works of Christ,â in serm. Barradius thinks it was the ground, that Christ might teach us humility. Please look more closely at their language and you will find out that that divine choir of fathers never said that the consubstantial godhead was capable of suffering, or that the whole being that was coeternal with the Father was recently born, or that it rose again, seeing that it had itself been the cause of resurrection of the destroyed temple. In our lives too, there are times when God asks us to make a choice that we do not fully understand, and the blessing reveals itself only later in time. This point has been treated in what has been said on v. 7 of the present chapter. This Novena is prayed from 30 November to 24 December.Â. These are theÂ traditions of the holy fathers. The reasons why Christ would be made Man and born on earth were many. 2,Â et seq.,Â that a woman, if she have borne a male child, shall remain unclean for forty days, and then be purified in the temple legally, that is by the sacrificial rite prescribed by the law. For he (the Word) is unalterable and absolutely unchangeable and remains always the same as the scriptures say. God also uses such men as suitable instruments united to Himself. Glorious Mysteries. May you remain strong and continue praying for us, most honoured and reverent lord. . The world remains either bitterly opposed to Christ as Herod or indifferent as the innkeepers. I think they hope in this way to delight your ears and so they spread abroad uncontrolled expressions. I The Annunciation. The King of the universe enters the world in extreme poverty, His body placed on itchy straw, between two brute beasts, in the manger, as a model for all to live in complete detachment from the things in the world. viii. 6, 7). In a similar way we say that he suffered and rose again, not that the Word of God suffered blows or piercing with nails or any other wounds in his own nature (for the divine, being without a body, is incapable of suffering), but because the body which became his own suffered these things, he is said to have suffered them for us. i. Most likely no one in her home town realized how holy she really was nor what her destiny would be. The Blessed Virgin is more mother and more connected to Jesus than any mother to her child, for all other children have both a father and a mother, whereas Christ received all of his human substance solely from his mother Mary. We omit the preface of the letter], We believe in one God . I, whom the heavens cannot contain, am shut up in a tiny body and in this paltry manger, and art thou, Christian, ashamed to be despised as a little one and lowly? Mary’s “Amen” Mary Full of Grace. There is no mistake or coincidence that the liturgical calendar begins with Advent, and the holy Rosary begins with the Joyful Mysteries. Reflection:Â All of Bethlehem was dark and quiet when the Savior made his entrance into the world, and his first home was in the protective circle of Maryâs arms. This is connected with the Ethiopian tradition that the Queen of Sheba, when she returned to Ethiopia from her visit to Solomon, brought forth a son called Menelich, whom she had conceived by him, and that she sent this son back to Jerusalem, putting on his thumb the ring which Solomon had given her, that by this sign he might be known by his father. âIn his motherâs womb he was filled with the spirit of prophecy.â So a1so S. Cyril, S. Ambrose, S. Chrysostom. It is this that the Church sings in the Preface of the Mass of the NativityââBecause by the Mystery of the Incarnate Word a new effulgence of Thy glory has shone upon the eyes of our soul, that coming to know God visibly we may by Him be rapt into yearning after things that are not seen.â. In accordance with the law, for the purification, they offer a pair of turtledoves in sacrifice, the offering of the poorer classes, since the Holy Family always lived in poverty. Holy scripture, wherever it recalls the Lordâs economy, speaks of the birth and suffering not of the godhead but of the humanity of Christ, so thatÂ the holy virgin is more accurately termed mother of Christ than mother of God. St. Irenaeus,Â Against Heresies. Censor Librorum November 20, 2015 Imprimatur: David R. Choby, D.D., J.C.L. Yes an angel. First Joyful Mystery - The Annunciation. Johnâs profession of faith was accepted by Cyril and became theÂ doctrinal formula of union.Â It is included here, together withÂ Cyrilâs letterÂ in which he at some length praises Johnâs profession and accepts it, adding to it some explanation about his own expressions; this letter isÂ mentioned in the definition of Chalcedon. God reveals to a just and devout man Simeon that he will not see death until he sees the Messiah. If anyone dares to say that the man who was assumed ought to be worshipped and glorified together with the divine Word and be called God along with him, while being separate from him, (for the addition of âwithâ must always compel us to think in this way), and will not rather worship Emmanuel with one veneration and send up to him one doxology, even as âthe Word became fleshâ, let him beÂ anathema. For you must surely know thatÂ almost all our fight for the faith arose in connexion with our insistence that the holy virgin is the mother of God. Now listen to what we say, which takes the form of a brotherly exhortation to piety of the type of which the great apostle Paul gave an example in addressing his beloved Timothy: âAttend to the public reading of scripture, to preaching, to teaching. In this mystery, ask Mary to help you and your spiritual friends listen carefully for Godâs voice in your lives, so that you can walk with him and with each other. In obedience to the law of Moses, Mary and Joseph take the Infant Jesus to the temple to be presented to the Lord.Â. And this is signified mystically (for there is another and literal interpretation of the passage) by the words of Wisdom xviii. The place is about a mile from Bethlehem. 3, âThe ox knoweth his owner, and the ass his masterâs crib,ââsuch is the explanation given on these passages by S. Jerome, Nazianzen, Cyril, Paulinus, and others, quoted by Baronius. The Angel says to her: âFear not…thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and shalt bring forth a Son and thou shalt call his name Jesus,” which means salvationâthe name to which every knee shall bow. The Joyful Mysteries of the Rosary are the first of the three traditional sets of events in the life of Christ upon which Catholics meditate while praying the rosary. Thirdly, because in like manner the Blessed Virgin rejoiced when she sang the Magnificat, therefore also John rejoiced, who was the chief end and object of the visitation of the Blessed Virgin and of all these wonders. âMy soul doth magnify the Lord. For by so doing you will save both yourself and your hearersâ. As for those who say that there was a mixture or confusion or blending of God the Word with the flesh, let your holiness see fit to stop their mouths. Instead he is to be subjected to the bishops of his own province and the surrounding metropolitans, provided they be orthodox, even to the extent of being completely deposed from the rank of bishop. Joyful Mysteries. These are the words of your reverence and you may recognise them. But he did not begin by teaching, just as he did not begin by commanding. So too, when his flesh was raised to life, we refer to this again as his resurrection, not as though he had fallen into corruptionâGod forbidâbut because his body had been raised again.So we shall confess one Christ and one Lord. Ver. In this way does someone write in a godly way about the divine mercy and power, âPractise these duties, devote yourself to them, so that all may see your progressâ. Joyful Mysteries. Hence S. Bernard (Serm.Â 3Â On the Purification) says: âIn this conception, and in this child-birth, there was nothing impure, nothing sinful, nothing that had to be purged, for this offspring is the fount of purity, and is come to make a cleansing of sins. For this God is our God for ever and ever, He will be our guide unto death.â Ps. Mary said yes. First, that suffering and dying in the flesh He might redeem us from our sins and from hell. Today’s rosary meditation focuses on The Fifth Joyful Mystery — The Finding of Jesus in the Temple.. If the number of those who are distressed is very large, then surely we should use every skill and care to remove scandals and to expound the healthy word of faith to those who seek the truth. According to this understanding of the unconfused union, we confess the holy virgin to be theÂ mother of GodÂ because God the Word took flesh and became man and from his very conception united to himself the temple he took from her. 88 of her Revelations, saying, âWhen He was born of me He went forth from my closed virgin womb with unspeakable joy and exultation. They were amazed at God the immeasurable as it were straitened into a spanâs breadth, they venerated Him and adored Him. You should bear in mind that to scandalise even one of these little ones that believe in Christ lays you open to unendurable wrath. I understand that there are some who are talking rashly of the reputation in which I hold your reverence, and that this is frequently the case when meetings of people in authority give them an opportunity. She supported Jesus throughout his ministry, suffering as He suffered, and growing in her faith, despite the terrible death of her son. They are working, preparing for Elizabethâs baby, quietly conversing, and praying. Hence the love between Christ His mother was far greater than that between other mothers and their offspring, for the love which is divided between mother and father was, in the case of the Virgin, united and kept together, since she was to Him in place of both, mother and father. I would have added many of their testimonies, proving my opinions from theirs, had I not feared that the length of the letter would be made tedious thereby. At the age of twelve, Jesus and His parents take their annual pilgrimage to Jerusalem for the solemn feast of the Passover, which the Holy Family keep for seven days. For whom indeed did she bear, if it is untrue that she bore Emmanuel according to the flesh? God was asking a great amount of her. 5. and hear Him answer; learn of Isaiah,ââUnto us a child is born, unto us a Son is given, and the government shall be upon His shoulder, and His name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, the Mighty God, the everlasting Father, the Prince of Peace.â Isaiah ix. . 1). . In GreekÂ Î±ÌÎ³Î¶Î±Ï
ÌÎ½ÏÎµÏâpassing the nightÂ orÂ keeping their flocks in the field.Â ForÂ Î±Ï
ÌÎ»Î®Â isÂ a foldÂ orÂ enclosed place, andÂ Î±Î³Î¶ÏÏÂ isÂ a field. c.Â 5). The reconciliation between the Cyrilline party and the eastern bishops was not easy. From their first orb, in radiant circles run. If anyone dares to say that Christ was a God-bearing man and not rather God in truth, being by nature one Son, even as âthe Word became fleshâ, and is made partaker of blood and flesh precisely like us, let him beÂ anathema. And so it came to pass that this stable was, as it were, turned into the highest heaven,âfull of angels, yea, of cherubim and seraphim, who all, leaving heaven, came down to adore their God made Man. Hence some think that John was free from sinful desire, and never committed venial sin; but this privilege seems to have been peculiar to the Blessed Virgin, to whom John was inferior. Included are many paintings by Carmelite friar and painter Filippo Lippi, his associates and contemporaries. For man when he was in honour did not understand, and was comparable to the senseless brutes and became like unto them. Then they build on that foundation the tradition of the incarnation and resurrection and passion. Again, scripture says when speaking of his passion: âGod sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh and for sin, he condemned sin in the fleshâ; and again âChrist died for our sinsâ and âChrist having suffered in the fleshâ; and âThis isâ, not âmy godheadâ, but âmy body, broken for youâ. The First Joyful Mystery. What was it that so great a God did, lying in so small a covering of flesh in the crib? Now, the ox is the Jew under the yoke of the Law; and the ass is an animal fitted for bearing burdens,âthe Gentile groaning under the grievous burden of idolatry. ch. 9. For there is no king that had any other beginning of birth.â Wisdom vii. This man was righteous and devout, awaiting the consolation of Israel, and the holy Spirit was upon him. They were also acknowledging that this child was not their own, and that his first bond of kinship was to his Heavenly Father. The Joyful Mysteries - Loving God. If anyone does not confess that the Word from God the Father has been united by hypostasis with the flesh and is one Christ with his own flesh, and is therefore God and man together, let him beÂ anathema. For who will not be astonished if he look thoughtfully at this Child and ask Him, Who art thou, 0 Babe of Bethlehem? For when he was about to mention the death, to prevent anyone supposing that God the Word suffered, he says âChristâ, which is a title that expresses in one person both the impassible and the passible natures, in order that Christ might be called without impropriety both impassible and passible impassible in godhead, passible in the nature of his body. 1st Joyful Mystery -The Annunciation And the angel said to her in reply, “The holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. The Annunciation – The Angel Gabriel announces the incarnation to Mary. Cream Blog by. Yet even she, the selfless and obedient one, was promised that a sword of sorrow would pierce her heart on the day of separation. Thou hadst become as the horse and the mule that have no understanding. If, then, thou wouldst not err, follow Me as the way to heaven; hearken unto Me as the Truth; embrace Me as the true Life. 20, and Baronius in his annals, vol. He began in the humble position of one who listens and asks questions. For in the Acts of the Apostles it is written: âWhen they came to Mysia, they tried to go to Bithynia and the Spirit of Jesus did not permit themâ. Heavenly Father, as we offer you this mystery, we pray for the virtues of humility and purity of heart, so that we can become like Mary and say: "I am your faithful servant O Lord, let it be done to me according to your Divine Will." Calvin thinks that it was only a natural one; but all the Fathers and Orthodox Doctors are of a contrary opinion. She could face disapproval. For all these are tokens of the flesh which had been derived from the earth, which He had recapitulated in Himself, bearingÂ salvationÂ to His own handiwork. Since therefore we have learnt that even the letter of our glorious fatherÂ AthanasiusÂ to the blessedÂ Epictetus, which is completely orthodox, has been corrupted and circulated by some, with the result that many have been injured therefore, thinking it both useful and necessary for the brethren, we have despatched to your holiness accurate copies of the original, unadulterated writings which we have. The English translation is from the Greek text, which is the more authoritative version. Mary asks how this can be since she has made a vow of perpetual virginity, thereby showing her preference and great love for chastity to the angelic tidings. . There is a question as to what place was the first to receive Christ at His birth. âNot only the words, but the very aspect of the Saints is full of spiritual grace,â says S. Chrysostom. Luke 2:22, 34, 35.Â When the days of her purification were fulfilled they took him up to Jerusalem to present him to the Lord…Simeon blessed them and said to his Mother, “Behold, this child is destined for the fall and for the rise of many in Israel, and for a sign that shall be contradicted; and thy own soul a sword shall pierce.”, Catechism of the Catholic Church: #527, 529. formed in purest fashion from the flesh and blood of the Virgin alone His Human Body. WhoeverÂ have been condemned of improper practices by the holy synod or by their own bishops, and have been uncanonically restored to communion and rank by Nestorius or his sympathisers, with their habitual lack of discrimination, such persons we have decreed gain nothing by this and are to remain deposed as before. Why does Jesus listen and ask questions when he already knows all of the answers with perfect certainty? In this mystery we see Mary and Joseph present Jesus at the temple as was the Jewish tradition. Such is the meaning of the Apostle where he says, âAnd again, when He bringeth His Firstborn into the world, He saith, And let all the angels of God worship Him,â Heb. They encountered a man named Simeon whom the Holy Spirit said would not experience death until he had seen the Anointed One. During a week of summer camp, I presented five talks, each based on one of these mysteries. It was so clear now that everythingâeven the future crosses that would be her âbirth painsââwere worth it. But since I discovered that there are some always eager to find fault, who buzz around like angry wasps and spit forth evil words against me, to the effect that I say that the holy body of Christ came down from heaven and not from the holy virgin, I thought it necessary in answer to them to say a little about this matter to you. As for our sovereigns, they are in great joy as the light of doctrine is spread abroad and, to be brief, because of the state of all the heresies that fight against God and of the orthodoxy of the church, one might find that verse fulfilled âThe house of Saul grew weaker and weaker and the house of David grew stronger and strongerâ. Let us hear Him as He teaches us from His Manger-Throne,âteaching not by word but by example.â I, who with three of my fingers poise the earthâs vast mass, I who did create heaven and earth, the King of Glory and Lord of Majesty, beneath whom the columns of heaven tremble, and they that bear the globe are bowed down,âI, for love of thee alone, 0 man, to deliver thee from thy sin and from the eternal flames of hell, and to bring thee to the happiness of heaven, have come âleaping upon the mountains, bounding over the hills;ââfrom heaven have I leapt down upon earth, from the bosom of the Father to the Virginâs womb. There would be no Christmas without Mary and Joseph. I believe in God, the Father Almighty, Creator of heaven and earth; And in Jesus Christ, His only Son, our Lord; Who was conceived by the Holy Spirit, Born of the Virgin Mary, Suffered under Pontius Pilate, Was crucified, died, and was buried. The synod of Nicaea produced this creed: We believe â¦ [the Nicene Creed follows]. The Joyful Mysteries with Pro-life meditations (Said on Mondays, Saturdays, Sundays of Christmas season) 1st Joyful Mystery: The Annunciation Spiritual fruit: Humity. For the rest I do not intend to spend more words on this subject in order not to vaunt my own mediocrity above my teacher and master or above the fathers. For we do not say that theÂ, 2. 1, recount. . The first is that of Lev. Whether the cave were within or without the city of Bethlehem authorities are not agreed. Behold Thy father and I have sought Thee sorrowing.âÂ. See how they first lay as foundations âLordâ and âJesusâ and âChristâ and âonly begottenâ and âSonâ, the names which belong jointly to the divinity and humanity. 30 Mansell Court, Suite 103 If anyone distributes between the two persons or hypostases the expressions used either in the gospels or in the apostolic writings, whether they are used by the holy writers of Christ or by him about himself, and ascribes some to him as to a man, thought of separately from the Word from God, and others, as befitting God, to him as to the Word from God the Father, let him beÂ anathema. If anyone does not confess that Emmanuel is God in truth, and therefore that the holy virgin is the mother of God (for she bore in a fleshly way the Word of God become flesh, let him beÂ anathema. xiii. She whispers “yes” knowing that her life is forever changed and possibly going to be mu… For at the age of twelve childhood ends, and youth and perfect judgment begin. Rather do we follow the divine Paul who clearly proclaimed: âThe first man was of the earth, earthly, the second man is the Lord from heavenâ. He had, therefore, sinful desire, and did commit venial sin, falling into it unawares, but perhaps, never deliberately. Christ assumed actual flesh, conceived and born of the Virgin. Of these two animals the Church interprets the words of Habakkuk iii 2, âIn the midst of two animals shalt Thou be knownâ (Vulgate), and appropriates also Isaiah i. The angel Gabriel is sent by the Father with a message to a young woman of Nazareth named Mary. xii. For he remains what he is always and never changes, nor could he ever change or be susceptible of it. Mary wraps the Infant in swaddling clothes and lays Him in a manger, a feeding trough for animals, symbolizing that Our Lord will one day become Food in the holy Eucharist. (Hence also Christ calls himself the lord and son of David: â âWhat do you think of the Christ ? 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