An Unpayable Debt and Obligation. Haldane's Exposition on the Epistle to the Romans and Hebrews, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Hodge's Commentary on Romans, Ephesians and First Corintians, Old Testament Quotations in the New Testament. Romans 13:9 “love thy neighbour as thyself”: Translation, Meaning, Context. Paul’s Summary and Free Will God offers a full pardon and complete justification as a gift to all who will trust in Jesus Christ (Rom. Earlier, Paul admonished, “Therefore I urge you, brothers, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable to God, which is your spiritual service. To properly understand what God means when he says “hate” in Romans 9:13 we need to do some exegetical work. Compare all. ASV. What does Romans 13:9 mean? Although a band or an or… Right doing, as a permanent life, can only flow from right feeling. Revelation 2:14-15. He writes, “Pay to all what is due them — taxes to whom taxes are due, revenue to whom revenue is due, respect to whom respect is due, honor to whom honor is due” (Romans 13:7, … Continue reading "Commentary on Romans 13:8-14" 3:21-26). It is implied by this negative form that the directions toward wrong are innumerable, and man’s impulses toward them as countless. 7 Render therefore to all their dues: tribute to whom tribute is due; custom to whom custom; fear to whom fear; honour to whom honour. [⇑ See verse text ⇑] This quote from Malachi 1:2–3 contains a startling statement. 1 Peter : The little phrase “their dues” allows for discernment on the part of the Christians. John W. Ritenbaugh Romans 13:9-10 The Message (MSG). Drawing upon Christ's teaching, Paul gives an entirely new significance to the idea of obligation. It is the assertion of a fact. When you love others, you complete what the law has been after all along. Only He fully knows and understands every facet of the circumstances and can judge perfectly. This goes back to the previous verses identifying that we should pay what we owe, whether taxes, salaries, honor or respect ( Romans 13:7 ). While a full analysis of the argument of the text at hand is beyond the scope of this essay, a brief trace of the thought-flow of Romans 13:1-7 will aid in comprehension of its contextually-appropriate meaning. By the way, Paul addresses the issue of retaliation four times in Romans 12, which begins by stating that we are to be living sacrifices and not to conform to this world's ways. In these verses, Paul injects love into the context of law, showing that it is the sum of all duties. 4. By this, he extends and intensifies the concept of obligation. Other instances in the Bible are:…. Hence, there is no justification for interpreting Romans 9 as though it were trying to teach us anything about how God saves or damns individuals. 8-10 Don’t run up debts, except for the huge debt of love you owe each other. Thus, we exercise self-control for others, as well as for ourselves. We must not read it to mean that if a man has this principle of love firmly embedded in his nature, it will help him to keep the law, but that it is tantamount to the actual fulfilment of the law. 7 Render therefore to all their dues: tribute to whom tribute is due; custom to whom custom; fear to whom fear; honour to whom honour. Romans 13:9-10 The commandments, “You shall not commit adultery,” “You shall not murder,” “You shall not steal,” “You shall not covet,” and whatever other command there may be, are summed up in this one command: “Love your neighbor as yourself.” Romans 13:9-12. The meaning of Paul’s five exhortations here is somewhat enigmatic. The meaning of Malachi’s phrase, then, is simply that God preferred Israel over Edom to be the people he wanted to work with to reach out to the world. The source of murder comes from the heart (mind, the core of an individual's character) where hate and anger are festered by Satan. But on the other hand, we must owe everyone more than we can hope to pay, that is, perfect love. Even lawful acts may on occasion cause other brethren to stumble or be made weak. If we hate someone, we break the sixth commandment. Strife and envy. We must be more scrupulous within the limits of the common idea of indebtedness, and also infinitely widen the range within which it operates. This daily newsletter provides a starting point for personal study, and gives valuable insight into the verses that make up the Word of God. The Christian and government. Other Forerunner Commentary entries containing Romans 13:9: Genesis 30:29-33 He should submit to and honor human government as God's agents in managing human affairs. I can still see Pete shuffling his feet, trying to get back in step with the rest of the band. Acting according to the dictates of the way of love, our lives conform to the image of Christ, as we conform to the law. Luke : Why are we called to react this way? Because if we want to be in God's Kingdom, it can only happen without the spirit of murder dwelling in us, and those evil retaliations are the spirit of murder. Romans 13:9-10 The commandments, “You shall not commit adultery,” “You shall not murder,” “You shall not steal,” “You shall not covet,” and whatever other command there may be, are summed up in this one command: “Love your neighbor as yourself.” Love does no … Romans 13:9 For this, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not kill, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not covet, and if there be any other commandment, it is summed up in this word, namely, Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself. For this, “Thou shalt not commit adultery,” “Thou shalt not kill,” “Thou shalt not steal,” “Thou shalt not bear false witness,” “Thou shalt not covet,” and if there be any other commandment, all are briefly comprehended in this saying, namely: “Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself.”. The Fruit of the Spirit: Love. Romans 13:9-10 The Message (MSG) 8-10 Don’t run up debts, except for the huge debt of love you owe each other. Love is the essence of the spirit of God's law. Paul's instructions take a surprising turn in the first half of the chapter. This verse covers the Golden Rule or law of reciprocity which is the principle of treating others as you would wish to be treated. finds its standard expression in the decalogue, as the due performance of the decalogue requires, as its source and spring, love in the heart. Paul then adds the statement "and any other command." Romans 13:9 For this, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not kill, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness, Thou shalt not covet; and if there be any other commandment, it is briefly comprehended in this saying, namely, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. (1-2) Government’s legitimate authority and the Christian’s response. This debt is one of love, paid by keeping God's law, and this Paul illustrates by quoting several of the Ten Commandments! Romans : When you love others, you complete what the law has been after all along. ROMANS 13:9 “love thy neighbour as thyself” KING JAMES VERSION (KJV) TRANSLATION, MEANING, CONTEXT. What does Romans 9:13 mean? Paul sums it all up in love. He insists that we must never allow vindictiveness, the desire to get even with someone for a suffered wrong, to drive us. It is not self-evident that all refer to what is owed to the state. The paradox, however, is more apparent than real because this is not what Paul is teaching. Luke 10:27 If we have these evil traits in our hearts, we are fostering the spirit of murder. For this, thou shalt not commit adultery. Romans 13 continues to describe what that Christlike sacrifice looks like. Romans 13:9 For this, "YOU SHALL NOT COMMIT ADULTERY, YOU SHALL NOT MURDER, YOU SHALL NOT STEAL, ... Jesus broadened the meaning of adultery to include not just acts but thoughts, explaining "You have heard that it was said, 'YOU SHALL NOT COMMIT ADULTERY' but I say to you, that everyone who looks on a woman to lust for her has committed adultery with her already in his … Paul names four commandments which have to do with human relationships. Is that not the way it should be? 6 For for this cause pay ye tribute also: for they are God's ministers, attending continually upon this very thing. 16:11). Paul's counsel to the congregation in Rome (Romans 12:17-20; 13:8-10) is clearly in line with what Jesus taught. 1. Who are we to subject ourselves to (Romans 13:1)? 8 Owe no man any thing, but to love one another: for he that loveth another hath fulfilled the law. The picture should be clear. The Sixth Commandment. John W. Ritenbaugh This sets up an interesting paradox because we owe everyone more than we can ever hope to pay. If we view love as just the keeping of God's laws, we are stuck on a low-level, letter-of-the-law approach to righteousness. For "this" law just mentioned (). For this, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not kill, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness, Law describes moral standards. Acts 15:28-29 And we, having received the love of Christ, living in His love, see the law not as a stern, condemning taskmaster but as an appealing, bright vision of understanding and blessing. We are not to take vengeance because God has retained that responsibility to Himself. Amplified® Love, therefore, is the fulfillment of the law. Self-control provides the ability to resist what may cause pain to others. Let every soul be subject to the governing authorities. Romans 12:17-20 We must be more scrupulous within the limits of the customary concept of indebtedness, and we must infinitely widen the range within which they operate. Christ's non-retaliatory remedy is ultimately for everybody's benefit, but until He returns, the standards He set can be met and lived only by those who, like Jesus, have the Spirit of God, are living by faith, and are enabled to keep God's ways by God Himself. I.S.V. We see the law embodied in Christ, and our imitation of Christ involves obedience to the law, but we fulfill the law, not simply as a standard outside, but as a living principle within. Do not misunderstand, keeping God's law is a necessary aspect of love, but love is far more complex. Martin G. Collins He does not say love ends the need for law but that it fulfills—performs or accomplishes—the law. There are two very basic, but quite different approaches to applying the Scripture's teaching to our lives. This is the … Romans 13:8-14 EXEGESIS: ROMANS 12-15. 8 Owe no man any thing, but to love one another: for he that loveth another hath fulfilled the law. Martin G. Collins This obligation comes out of the realization of what Christ did for us. Of what level was the love of the fallen woman who washed Christ's feet with her tears, wiped them with her hair, kissed them with her lips, and anointed them with costly oil? This paradox is more apparent than real, because love is not an added duty but the inclusive framework within which all duties should be done. The negative form forbids every possible course but the right one, and so hems us in to the right. 2. The example of the clay and the potter may very well be a reference to Jeremiah 18, where Israel is the clay and God is the Potter. Was it not our failure to meet our obligations to God and man that accrued the unpayable debt in the first place? James 2:11-13 See what over 145,000 subscribers are already receiving each day. Therefore love is the fulfillment of the law" (Romans 13:8-10) Love is an incredible thing. They are mutually exclusive, and both ways cannot be correct, but one of them is. > ROMANS 13:1-14 CHRISTIANS having become the subjects of a kingdom which is not of this world, might ... — The meaning of this is plain, as well as of wantonness, which refers to all licentiousness, in its most extensive import. Romans 13:1-14 Bible Study: Submission to Government and Love reminds believers of their responsibility to submit to the government under which they live and practical ways to love those around them. Romans 13:1 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Romans 13:1, NIV: "Let everyone be subject to the governing authorities, for there is no authority except that which God has established.The authorities that exist have been established by God." The general command to submit to the authorities is found in 13:1a, and is reiterated in 13:5. "For this"-"For the Law which says" (Mon). Romans 12:1,2 . Study Romans 13 using Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise) to better understand Scripture with full outline and verse meaning. Love is the motivating power that frees and enables us to serve and sacrifice with largeness of heart and generosity of spirit. Romans 13 – A Christian’s Obligation to Government A. In verse 8, Paul has presented us with an interesting paradox. When we pay them, a Christian is no longer financially indebted to the state until it imposes taxes the following year. Romans 13:9 For this, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not kill, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness, Thou shalt not covet; and if there be any other commandment, it is briefly comprehended in this saying, namely, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. Aristobulus: a Roman mentioned in Paul’s Epistle to the Romans (Rom. He extends and intensifies the concept of obligation. For there is no authority except from God, and the authorities that exist are appointed by God. Paul now proves the last statement made in 13:8, i.e. Paul presents us with an interesting paradox. Love is the motivating power that frees and enables us to serve and sacrifice with largeness of heart and generosity of spirit. Was her conduct merely to keep a commandment, or was it an exquisite expression of a heart freed to give its all? These and any others are summed up in LOVE. The Bereans "received the word with all readiness, and searched the Scriptures daily to find out whether these things were so" (Acts 17:10-11). I would also add that Pharaoh hardened his own heart prior to God hardening it. Now he begins to explain what he meant by that statement. Regarding men, we are not to be in debt. Self-restraint and obedience to God's law is realized in outgoing concern for others that exceeds and rules over our own self-interest. Romans 13:9. This form of the decalogue locates the obedience in the heart, and not in the outward limb, and substitutes the positive for the negative form, and concentrates it into the briefest, most portable, and most practical form. THE CONTEXT. Romans 13:10. Marching requires unity—people doing the same thing at the same time. With the clarity that death brings to living, we looked at two measures of life's meaning: Worldly Scale. Romans 13:9. The commandments are proscribed as rules of life. The context is a Christian's response to government. аключаются в сем слове. NASB E-Prime Notice love's relationship to law in context with what immediately precedes it. Narcissus: daffodil, a Roman whom Paul salutes (Rom. The Law's Purpose and Intent. Almost every picture of our band caught Pete out of step. On the one hand, he states that we should owe no man anything that he can rightfully claim from us, yet on the other hand, we must owe everyone more than we can hope to pay—perfect love. John W. Ritenbaugh Romans 13:9. However, as long as we view love merely as the keeping of God's laws, we are stuck on a low-level, letter-of-the-law approach to righteousness. Love is what initiated God's redemption plan for us. To the Romans 13 Let every person be in subjection to the superior authorities, + for there is no authority except by God; + the existing authorities stand placed in their relative positions by God. K.J.V. Other instances in the Bible are: Matthew 7:12, Luke 6:31, Leviticus 19:18 and Galatians 5:14. This may suffice for a while, but Paul, by drawing upon Christ's teaching, unveils an entirely new significance to the concept of obligation. The law of Christ is a rule of life for believers. 15 sWewhoarestrongthaveanobligationtobearwiththefailingsoftheweak,andnottopleaseourselves.2 uLet… [“DO not give false testimony” is omitted in most of the manuscripts.]. Romans 5:8 puts it, “But God demonstrates His own love toward us, in that while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.” Christ had to die to pay the just penalty for our sin that we deserved. N.A.S.B. Passover, Obligation, and Love. A.F.V He is teaching that love must be the driving force, the motivation, of everything we do. Now that the debt has been paid, we are under obligation, not only to strive to avoid falling into the same trap, but to expand and perfect the giving of love. On the one hand, he says that we should owe no man anything that he can rightfully claim from us. 16:10), whose “household” is saluted. If we have these evil traits in our hearts, we are fostering the spirit of murder. Paul has just established that God chose between Jacob and Esau which of them would receive the covenant promises and which would serve the other. In this brief but extremely rich passage, Paul tells us that as Christians we are all “morning people.” The time is just before dawn, the sky is brightening, the alarm is ringing, day is at hand. We must be careful to understand the real meaning of the text. Those in Christ must be "submissive" or "subject to" human authorities in the government. A.S.V. That is most assuredly a vital and necessary aspect of love, but there is far more to love. This approach suggests that if a religious belief or practice cannot be proven wrong, then it must be right. Law, of and by itself, provides neither enough nor the right motivation for one to keep it. Godly Scale. If we hate someone, we break the sixth commandment. Commandment keeping is compulsory and can be done in an "only because" attitude, one that concludes, "I must love the person, but I don't have to like him." 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