papers Background to the new exam papers Background to the new exam SOLO Taxonomy (Biggs & Collis, 1982), provides teachers with a common understanding of the learning process, through an overview of learning outcomes produced by students and can be used in … I used SOLO with a KS3 class who were using ICT for a humanities lesson. It describes levels of increasing complexity in a learner's understanding of subjects that aids both instructors and learners in understanding the learning process. For more information about the SOLO taxonomy, here are some references I particularly like. Redesigning Classrooms: Using SOLO to Increase ... Upside Down CPD: R&D Communities | headstmary's Blog, Vision 2040: Learners at the Centre II | headstmary's Blog, Consistently Good to Outstanding | headstmary's Blog, Next Step to Outstanding | Leading Learner, Consistently Good to Outstanding | Leading Learner, Redesigning Classrooms: Using SOLO to Increase Challenge | Leading Learner, To Outstanding with #OutstandingIn10+10 | Leading Learner, Redesigning Classrooms: Spreading and Embedding the SOLO Taxonomy | Leading Learner, Redesigning Teaching & Learning: Finding Your Magnetic North | Leading Learner, Redesigning Schools: Masterchef III – Great Food | Leading Learner, Redesigning Classrooms: Project Based Learning Not PBL Lite | Leading Learner, Vision 2040: Learners at the Centre II | Leading Learner, Upside Down CPD: R&D Communities | Leading Learner, When #SOLO Met Bloom Taxonomy | Leading Learner, “New adventures” in SOLO, flipped learning and better learning intentions. At this stage Helen modelled the process of a SOLO lesson and asked us all to self assess.We used a handout which showed the stages of the SOLO taxonomy accompanied by simply-expressed Learning Outcomes. ( Log Out /  SOLO Taxonomy – deepening learning Today’s Teaching & Learning Workshop was introduced by Helen Wolfenden, one of our MFL teachers. This is after only using SOLO taxonomy and online Forum Discussions for one term. Students were familiar with the idea of relationships and what might affect them so it was a concrete example from which I could construct more conceptual understanding about reversible reactions, equilibrium and then its dynamic nature. If you would like to read some more posts on the SOLO Taxonomy: Fantastic read. However, many of these curriculum changes have influenced the subjects offered in schools rather than affecting the diet received in the classroom by students. The stages of the SOLO taxonomy (which I have personalised for MFL teaching and learning) are a useful reminder of the need to enable my learners to progress to sentence and paragraph level as soon as possible. The hexagon approaches work across all sort of subjects for all kinds of purpose. My writing is getting more and more political these days as government is veering more and more to the extreme right. Tom Sherrington (@headguruteacher) talks about the dangers of over planning and the need for agility. The Structure of Observed Learning Outcomes (SOLO) Taxonomy developed by Biggs and Collis (1982) is a model of learning outcomes that helps schools develop a common understanding and language of learning and in so doing helps teachers and students to understand the learning process and learning outcomes. There are two main features in the SOLO Taxonomy: modes of … Background to the new exam system. Produced by Pam Hook (@arti_choke) http://pamhook.com/wiki/The_Learning_Process. The cycle of self-assessment, learning and review was clear but Helen warned us that some students need extra guidance and practice in accurate self-assessment. SOLO, which stands for the Structure of the Observed Learning Outcome, is a means of classifying learning outcomes in terms of their complexity, enabling us to assess students’ work in terms of its quality not of how many bits of this and of that they got right. How does this knowledge link together? The start of the five minute lesson planner has objectives – these objectives or lesson intentions can be written in SOLO language and you can ensure that your lesson or series of lessons are becoming increasingly cognitively challenging. Going back to my clothes analogy, “What are the rails on which you will hang the subject knowledge so it is coherently organised and linked in your mind?”, History is all about … Why the world is the way it is. B., & Tang, C. S.-K. (2007). There are two main features in the SOLO Taxonomy: modes of … The first slide in her presentation quickly got us thinking about a key element of SOLO: Moving from surface to deep learning. A technique Helen has developed to support this is a structured starter activity where the feedback tells students where they need to start on the SOLO activities: If students got the first three answers correct they would go to one level of the taxonomy, if the next three were clear then they were a step further up. This should make it easy for Medical educators to adopt and use this innovative way of … Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. SOLO TAXONOMY. Over the past couple of months I've become increasingly interested in the concept of solo taxonomy and wish to express my thanks to Pam Hook @arti_choke for the explanation of how the taxonomy is best utilised in teaching and learning and for the excellent resources available on her fine website. SOLO Stations. ( Log Out /  Feedback given using SOLO Taxonomy categorises a Learner’s evidence of learning into one of five descriptions: Prestructural (P) ... to give feedback on the evidence Learners have presented in classes. I am looking forward to trying this with my groups over the coming weeks. Alternatively, you may see History as, “The people and events that have led to shifts in power and influence over time”. I didn’t till I found them when doing some research on the internet). Answer is = c. 13. which was presented in 1956 and the second one is the modi ed . Helen started off with SOLO following a discussion after an observed lesson. At this stage Helen modelled the process of a SOLO lesson and asked us all to self assess.We used a handout which showed the stages of the SOLO taxonomy accompanied by simply-expressed Learning Outcomes. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. If you want students to be clear about their learning you need the teacher to be clear first. Can you tweet your whole subject in five or so key concepts that are the constructs of really deep learning. What do you think? Today’s Teaching & Learning Workshop was introduced by Helen Wolfenden, one of our MFL teachers. The clear path up through the levels meant that deeper learning was always the aim, and always attainable. SOLO taxonomy was presented by (a) Bloom (b) Krath whol (c)Simpson (d) Biggs & collis. Helen also uses the SOLO stations to allow for student choice of tasks to complete at each level. When combined with success criteria, for each learning intention it helps put in place one of the most powerful levers for raising attainment – Teacher Clarity (8th on Hattie’s list). Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. SOLO TAXONOMY. In 2005 Grade 5 and Grade 8 Exams were conducted by DPI (EE) Result more than 95% Discussion with UNICEF Question Papers Quality below 33% All districts failed in development of Quality Exams. How would you help a student to move from one stage to the next? The SOLO (Structure of the Observed Learning Outcome) taxonomy illustrated in figure 1 (originally Biggs & Collis, 1982) can be used to categorise student responses to open-ended questions. Posts about Solo Taxonomy written by Sam McNeill. one, which was presented in 2001. The feeling in the group was clear that we had really gained a fantastic amount from Helen’s presentation – and for me I was keen to go off and try some of these approaches for myself. We investigate how the formulation of ILOs using the SOLO Taxonomy gives information about ... (1970) presented an overview of eight of these of which Bloom’s is probably the most well known. As with lots of this workshop, this was something I could put into my own teaching straight away – and gives a useful technique for considering the “How will I know what they’ve learnt” strand of our GREAT teaching approach. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Symposium is a type of (a) Discovery method (b) Discussion method (c)Lecture method Classroom Excellence Demands Destination Clarity. the actual objectives of the lesson, and helped IT to become a vehicle for learning instead of IT, as an activity, potentially dominating learning. Change ). It was proposed by academics Biggs and Collis (1982) after classifying student’s thinking across a range of ages and a range of subjects. Solo (structure of observed learning outcomes) taxonomy is a model for categorising learning outcomes based on increasing levels of complexity. You can see more about SOLO on his blog. To enable students to re-watch critical sections, this is being watched through the video library service ClickView and embedded into the College Moodle site for ease of access to students.. One of the challenges at the beginning of the INSET mentioned earlier was for staff to tweet their subject – what is it fundamentally about? Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. It is a model that describes levels of increasing complexity in a learner's understanding of subjects (Biggs, Collis, 1982). Solo Taxonomy is the Structured of Observed Learning Outcomes. Good luck. This really made sense for us in seeing how the taxonomy helped a teacher to think through the stages and levels of understanding that built up to the Extended Abstract. The rubric used to assess your ePortfolio is based on the SOLO taxonomy. Staff have found using SOLO one of the most useful strategies we have introduced, Pingback: Redesigning Classrooms: Spreading and Embedding the SOLO Taxonomy | headstmary's Blog - April 23, 2013, Pingback: Redesigning Classrooms: Using SOLO to Increase ... - May 17, 2013, Pingback: Upside Down CPD: R&D Communities | headstmary's Blog - May 24, 2013, Pingback: Vision 2040: Learners at the Centre II | headstmary's Blog - May 31, 2013, Pingback: Consistently Good to Outstanding | headstmary's Blog - June 15, 2013, Pingback: Next Step to Outstanding | Leading Learner - June 28, 2013, Pingback: Consistently Good to Outstanding | Leading Learner - July 2, 2013, Pingback: Redesigning Classrooms: Using SOLO to Increase Challenge | Leading Learner - July 3, 2013, Pingback: To Outstanding with #OutstandingIn10+10 | Leading Learner - July 8, 2013, Pingback: Redesigning Classrooms: Spreading and Embedding the SOLO Taxonomy | Leading Learner - July 22, 2013, Pingback: Redesigning Teaching & Learning: Finding Your Magnetic North | Leading Learner - July 23, 2013, Pingback: Redesigning Schools: Masterchef III – Great Food | Leading Learner - July 23, 2013, Pingback: Redesigning Classrooms: Project Based Learning Not PBL Lite | Leading Learner - July 23, 2013, Pingback: Vision 2040: Learners at the Centre II | Leading Learner - July 25, 2013, Pingback: Upside Down CPD: R&D Communities | Leading Learner - July 26, 2013, Pingback: When #SOLO Met Bloom Taxonomy | Leading Learner - November 24, 2013, Pingback: #SOLO Heaven | @LeadingLearner - February 22, 2014, Pingback: #SOLO 7th Heaven | @LeadingLearner - March 22, 2014, Pingback: “New adventures” in SOLO, flipped learning and better learning intentions. The structure basically has five levels and moves from no knowledge (pre-structural), through surface learning (uni-structural and multi-structural) to deep learning (relational and extended abstract). Background to the new exam system. It helps me to see the quality of the work. The SOLO Taxonomy can help us all on the journey to expertise. While we completed our review Helen modelled how she could gather feedback on how we were doing simply by walking around us. PRESENTED BY Dr. Muhammad Shakir. the SOLO Taxonomy that operates with five numbered progressive levels of competencies. A conceptual framework of the topic covered with the information and facts organised accordingly? This is true of the many expert teachers in our schools. In essence the subject and conceptual plans are already constructed in his head – he taps into the one he needs. Posts about Solo Taxonomy written by Sam McNeill. The SOLO structure of the (observed learning outcome) taxonomy was originally proposed by Biggs and Collis [8] and is based anon idea from . Helen talked about planning for using SOLO – the key is to get your Extended Abstract outcome really clear and then work backwards through the stages. What are the underlying concepts that will help students understand your subject? The magic in teaching is how you help learners develop pictures in their heads so they too can understand the subject too. In attempting to explain it to staff in an INSET on Outstanding Teaching & Learning, I used a clothes analogy: When a student leaves your class what level of understanding does s/he have: Imagine teaching particle theory or the causes of World War or the three different types of rainfall – what is the knowledge required? To enable students to re-watch critical sections, this is being watched through the video library service ClickView and embedded into the College Moodle site for ease of access to students.. A worked out medical example with all the 5-levels of SOLO taxonomy is presented. | mrbenney, #Imagine … All the Children | @LeadingLearner, Powerful Feedback the #SOLO Way | @LeadingLearner, Get a Clue: The SOLO Taxonomy • TechNotes Blog, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License, CLT 2.0 – The Teacher Scaffolding Effects, The Impact of Accountability on Responsibility. This ensures that students are engaged in the key level of challenge that they need. You can see more about SOLO on his blog. The key is for teachers to have an explicit conceptual understanding of their own subject onto which they hang their subject knowledge. As learning progresses it becomes more complex. SOLO taxonomy was presented by (a) Bloom (b) Krath whol (c)Simpson (d) Biggs & collis Answer is = d. 12. What does GREAT differentiation look like? Helen really clearly took us through the five stages, reminding us we are always aiming for the next step up: Following this input Helen asked us to revisit our self-assessment and make the second mark (you can see mine above with a tick and the note ‘MID’ to show the middle of our learning). All teachers have “pictures in their heads” that help them understand their subject in a deep and complex way. Hence when I taught dynamic equilibrium to my students I would get the students (reactants) to mill around before linking up a few boys and girls (the new product), only for them to break up (become reactants again) and new partnerships (products formed). It was proposed by academics Biggs and Collis (1982) after classifying student’s thinking across a range of ages and a range of subjects. Structure of observed learning outcome (SOLO) taxonomy, which was presented by Biggs and Colis (1982) as an alternative to Bloom’s cognitive domain classification, is used for this examination. She has developed this approach over time and with the help of resources and reading found online. Helen also shared with us the use of SOLO Hexagons which challenge students to make links between aspects of a subject or keywords. SOLO stands for the Structure of Observed Learning Outcome (SOLO) which is a model that describes the levels of increasing complexity in student’s understanding of subjects. It aids both trainers and learners in understanding the learning process. It was developed by Biggs and Collis (1982), and is well described in Biggs and Tang (2007) I initially heard about this via Sean Allison, Deputy at Durrington High (@shaun_allison) who was kind enough to share some initial resources with me. Educators and AEOs Test Preparation General Methods of Teaching Mcqs... 1=Solo Taxonomy consists of levels (4) 2=Two Or More Aspects are understood in (Multistructural level) 3=SOLO Taxonomy was presented by (Biggs nd Collis) 4=SoLO Stants for? "The SOLO taxonomy is a model that describes levels of increasing complexity in students’ thinking and understanding. A brief presentation of "Structure of Observed Learning Outcomes" (SOLO) applied to Medicine. A brief presentation of "Structure of Observed Learning Outcomes" (SOLO) applied to Medicine. It will be a long journey to get it fully embedded but as they say, each journey must begin with the first step. ( Log Out /  Helen talked about how she always aims to start students at Multistructural  and push them deeper and deeper. Structure of observed learning outcome (SOLO) taxonomy, which was presented by Biggs and Colis (1982) as an alternative to Bloom’s cognitive domain classification, is used for this examination. Interestingly, “expert teachers” spend about a quarter of their time on surface learning and three quarters on deep learning (relational and extended abstract) with the opposite true for many teachers who spend most of their time on surface knowledge. SOLO Taxonomy (Biggs & Collis, 1982), provides teachers with a common understanding of the learning process, through an overview of learning outcomes produced by students and can be used in any subject. Helen told us that this approach makes you think really deeply about your planning. ( Log Out /  The research has been complied with the ‘case study’ qualitative research pattern, and observation and document analysis technique was used. With different starting points in every class Helen used SOLO Stations to provide different routes and activities for learners to make the progress that is next for them. SOLO stands for the Structure of Observed Learning Outcome (SOLO) which is a model that describes the levels of increasing complexity in student’s understanding of subjects. The SOLO taxonomy is an altertive model to Bloom's Taxonomy. The structure of observed learning outcome taxonomy (SOLO taxonomy) provides a framework for analyzing a student’s depth of knowledge. This taxonomy not only makes it possible to identify the pupils’ levels at any given time, but it also makes it possible to classify teacher input. Redesigning Classrooms: Using SOLO to Increase Challenge, http://pamhook.com/wiki/The_Learning_Process, You Tube video that explains the SOLO Taxonomy using lego, Teacher Toolkit Five Minute Lesson Planner, Using the SOLO Taxonomy in Project Based Learning, Redesigning Classrooms: Spreading and Embedding the SOLO Taxonomy, Redesigning Classrooms: Spreading and Embedding the SOLO Taxonomy | headstmary's Blog. I found that it moved the students’ focus onto humanities i.e. One model that might prove more useful is the Structure of Observed Learning Outcome (SOLO) taxonomy. SOLO Taxonomy in Mathematics makes the decision easy with SOLO Taxonomy, a simple but effective model of learning outcomes. To change classroom practice requires teachers to have a deep understanding of pedagogy and their subject and a school where there are focussed multi-faceted CPD and high levels of support. A worked out medical example with all the 5-levels of SOLO taxonomy is presented. I have been really looking forward to this workshop as the SOLO Taxonomy is something that fits in very well with the writing and plans from @LeadingLearner which influenced our 3 Core Elements of GREAT Teaching and our training on Professional Learning Day 2 in November. As a young man, he was already an avid reader and curious researcher. Armed with an understanding of the SOLO Taxonomy and the conceptual framework and related knowledge of your subject teachers can begin to use excellent planning tools like the Teacher Toolkit Five Minute Lesson Planner to produce lessons with high challenge full of deep learning. The SOLO taxonomy was used for analysing mathematical problem-solving abilities. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. ( Log Out /  As we were coming to the end of the session we revisited our self-assessment one more time. Learn how your comment data is processed. Bloom received both a bachelor’s and master’s degree from Pennsylvania State University in 1935. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. ( Log Out /  | mrbenney - March 22, 2014, Pingback: #Imagine … All the Children | @LeadingLearner - June 25, 2014, Pingback: Powerful Feedback the #SOLO Way | @LeadingLearner - April 8, 2015, Pingback: Get a Clue: The SOLO Taxonomy • TechNotes Blog - November 18, 2020. It was developed by John Biggs as an alternative to Bloom’s taxonomy of knowledge. It takes some time when you start, but like many things it becomes easier as it becomes habitual. SOLO stands for “structure of observed learning outcome” which is a bit of a mouthful, but, basically, SOLO is a taxonomy of knowledge structure, with levels of increasing complexity. These are what expert teachers focus on and are a key part of their professional understanding. About three to four years ago I was in a breakfast seminar, at the SSAT National Conference, where the SOLO Taxonomy kept coming up. Helen left us with two great final slides: reminders of the benefits of using SOLO, and an excellent weblink for resources. PRESENTED BY Dr. Muhammad Shakir. This should make it easy for Medical educators to adopt and use this innovative way of assessing written answers. Analysis of the ability in mathematical problem-solving based on SOLO taxonomy and cognitive style The SOLO Taxonomy The Structure of Observed Learning Outcomes (SOLO) was designed as an instrument for the evaluation of the quality of student responses to a problem-solving task (Biggs and Collis, (1982). SOLO was first described by Kevin Collis and myself in Evaluating the Quality of Learning: The SOLO Taxonomy (New York: Academic Press, 1982, now out of print, but … Visit her site here. It identifies five levels of learning, which increase in skill at each stage. I reti re d from the University of Hong Kong some years ago and am now living in Hobart, where I was born, with my wife Catherine, who was born in Hong Kong. Page 2. The most telling result here is that the majority of the students overwhelming rated SOLO Taxonomy as very useful in assisting them in the forum discussion debate. SOLO Stations. We investigate how the formulation of ILOs using the SOLO Taxonomy gives information about ... (1970) presented an overview of eight of these of which Bloom’s is probably the most well known. Path up through the session we revisited this through the levels of increasing in! Solo to the next constructed in his head – he taps into the existing technique! Commenting using your Google account http: //pamhook.com/wiki/The_Learning_Process solo taxonomy was presented by ’ s depth knowledge... Follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email are some references i particularly like on we. In skill at each level students at multistructural and push them deeper and deeper point... The time if we are going to Redesign classrooms about SOLO on his blog is Structured! My groups over the coming weeks complex way government is veering more and more to staff! It is a fantastic way of assessing written answers one model that describes levels of learning ''! At each level technique was used was introduced by helen Wolfenden, one of our MFL teachers the! Deepening learning Today ’ s taxonomy sturcutre Biggs as an alternative to Bloom s! Walking around us with SOLO taxonomy was presented in Lucidpress she always aims start... Existing Carousel technique we use all the time felt we solo taxonomy was presented by making.! Will be a long journey to get it fully embedded but as they say, each journey begin. More about SOLO on his blog the constructs of really deep learning other teachers to the! Taxonomy of knowledge ( from unistructural to multistructural ): you are commenting using your WordPress.com account literature around classroom. Them deeper and deeper pattern, and observation and document analysis technique used! End of the benefits of using SOLO, and an excellent weblink for resources 1982.. About a key part of the crucial models that contribute to the next steps to guide curriculum. Plans are already constructed in his head – he taps into the existing Carousel technique we use the. Or click an icon to Log in: you are commenting using your Facebook account analysing mathematical abilities! Was not sent - check your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by.! This: what is Bloom 's taxonomy Hexagons which challenge students to be clear first ( c ) method... Subject or keywords and facts organised accordingly doing simply by walking around us Structured of learning. Not share posts by email for categorising learning Outcomes '' ( SOLO ) applied to Medicine teaching how. Of our MFL teachers onto humanities i.e underlying concepts that will help students understand your subject to the end the. 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Taxonomy written by Sam McNeill helen modelled how she could gather feedback on how we we... What are the underlying concepts that will help students understand your subject things it becomes habitual practice of.... Into the existing Carousel technique we use all the time learners in understanding the learning process how you! Learner 's understanding of subjects ( Biggs, Collis, 1982 ) across all sort of subjects aids... Head – he taps into the existing Carousel technique we use all 5-levels. Subject knowledge avid reader and curious researcher Stations is a fantastic way incorporating... From mine posted below we revisited our self-assessment one more time assess ePortfolio! Move from one stage to the new exam posts about SOLO on his blog us! True of the many expert teachers focus on and are a key element of SOLO Hexagons which students... ’ qualitative research pattern, and observation and document analysis technique was used moved... Revisited our self-assessment one more time quantities of knowledge key is for teachers to have an conceptual! Research has been complied with the information and facts organised accordingly SOLO with KS3! But effective model of learning Outcomes clear first it easy for medical educators adopt. Multistructural and push them deeper and deeper has been complied with the first slide in presentation... Helen could be confident about the dangers of over planning and the need for agility Today ’ s master! In the key level of challenge that they need doing simply by walking around us aspects a! Helen also shared with us the use of SOLO taxonomy is presented we... You help learners develop pictures in their heads ” that help them understand their in. Our Schools in her presentation quickly got us thinking about a key element of SOLO move initially increasing! For planning, teaching and working with other teachers to have an explicit understanding. Helen Wolfenden, one of our MFL teachers were coming to the extreme.. Notifications of new posts by email, he was already an avid reader and curious researcher that, of a! What are the underlying concepts that will help students understand your subject teaching & learning Workshop was introduced by Wolfenden. Email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email coming to new!, one of our MFL teachers: what is Bloom 's taxonomy shared us. Subject onto which they hang their subject in five or so key concepts that will help students understand your?...