But pronoun gender in Greek is irrelevant. All of these characteristics or All rights reserved. . Again, these are matters of grammar and translation, not of biblical theology. As simple of a thought as this may be (that the Holy Spirit is a Person), I still believe that it’s important to demonstrate it through scripture. Seeing the Invisible. I mean that He is a personal Being. The Bible teaches that the Holy Spirit has all the attributes of personality and is not merely an impersonal force. The Spirit can forbid or prevent human speech and plans. One potential argument that the Holy Spirit is a person is to look at the Greek words in John 14:26, 15:26, and 16:13-14. American King … He is confused with the manifestations themselves, and has even been presented as an incidental figure that appears momentarily. In the Trinity doctrine, a “person” is like a personality or “mask.”. As we search the Bible, we will find that the Holy Spirit is the nature, power and essence of God. Used by permission. The doctrine of the Trinity developed over the centuries as a human attempt to explain the nature of God. The word, “person” has had different meanings over the course of time. The Spirit bears witness to believers about their adoption The Bible refers to the Holy Spirit as a “gift” that God will “pour out” on people. In this video devo Dennis Pollock teaches that the Holy Spirit is a Person, not a force or mere power, such as electricity or battery power. Of particular interest in this regard are His many statements about Himself and the Father, especially when He never makes similar statements about Himself and … And is the Holy Spirit a person—the third person of a trinitarian Godhead? The Holy Spirit is not an impersonal force. Probably the most conclusive passage on this point is Ephesians 4:30. The personhood of the Holy Spirit is something many Christians assume. This is appropriate, since the Holy Spirit is not a person, but the power of the two Beings: God the Father and Jesus Christ, the Son of God. It took hundreds of years for this doctrine to develop!) How Should a Christian Deal With the Coronavirus Pandemic? The Holy Spirit is a living Person, one of the three Persons of the Godhead. There are instances in English translations of the Bible where the pronouns “He” and “His” are used to refer to the Holy Spirit, but this is a matter of grammar and translation, not of biblical teaching. The Holy Spirit is a person. The question implies that the holy spirit is never spoken of as an impersonal, active force. In the Greek language parakletos is a masculine noun. 11 personal characteristics of the Holy Spirit . The Gospel Coalition supports the church by providing resources that are trusted and timely, winsome and wise, and centered on the gospel of Jesus Christ. The Holy Spirit is a Person – just as divine as the Father and the Son. Some see Him as an impersonal force or influence, some deny His very existence, and others are not certain who or what the Holy Spirit is. • The Holy Spirit is the one who leads us into all … In many languages, such as Spanish and Greek, nouns have gender. This is language appropriate to use in describing a thing, rather than a person. A more fruitful approach is first to ask a question almost no one asks: how do we know that the Father is a person? Additionally, “the word Trinity is not found in the Bible, and though used by Tertullian in the last decade of the 2nd century, it did not find a place formally in the theology of the church till the 4th century” (New Bible Dictionary, 1982, “Trinity”). The word spirit (from the Latin spiritus meaning "breath") appears either alone or with other words in the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament) and the New Testament.Combinations include expressions such as the "Holy Spirit", "Spirit of God", and in Christianity, "Spirit of Christ".. The Holy Spirit is probably the least understood person of the Trinity. And if we refer to the Holy Spirit as the third “person,” several Scriptures negate its “personhood” because of non-person qualities such as being: “poured out”; “quenched”; a need for “renewal”, etc. Get the latest blog posts from Life, Hope & Truth straight to your inbox. 4.- The Spirit Teaches He can be angered, frustrated, grieved (Eph. The apostles Peter and John also greeted the brethren in some of their epistles in the name of God the Father and Jesus Christ, similarly not mentioning the Holy Spirit—quite a disrespectful snub if the Holy Spirit is also a person (2 Peter 1:2; 2 John 1:3). The word spirit is rendered as רוּחַ (ruach) in Hebrew-language parts of the Old Testament. From their perspectives, the Spirit is a “what” rather than a “who.” He can also be pleased and satisfied (Acts 15:28–30). For example, it is referred to as a gift (Acts 10:45Acts 10:45And they of the circumcision which believed were astonished, as many as came with Peter, because that on the Gentiles also was poured out the gift of the Holy Ghost. This passage only makes sense if the Holy Spirit is a person. As we search the Bible, we will find that the Holy Spirit is the nature, power and essence of God. It took hundreds of years for this doctrine to develop!) How does the Holy Spirit fare up under this criteria? And the Holy Spirit is the One who does the work of making you a born-again person. Second, once these spurious words are deleted, the wording that remains in 1 John 5:6-8 mentions the Holy Spirit in a list of things—not persons—that include water, blood and the Spirit. The Holy Spirit is a living Person, one of the three Persons of the Godhead. There we see that the antecedent of the masculine ἐκεῖνος (a masculine word for “that person”) is πνεῦμα (a neuter word for “Spirit”). The answer is that the Bible presents a person as a substance that can do personal and relational things (such as speaking, thinking, feeling, acting). Yet He is also distinct from them. They share a common Spirit and nature (Ephesians 4:4; John 10:30). The Holy Spirit is a Person. That would make the Holy Spirit the “father” of Jesus, if the Holy Spirit were a person. Is the Holy Spirit Really a Person? The Holy Spirit is included in the Trinity, which is made up of 3 distinct persons: The Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. outraged the Spirit of grace?”, Acts 5:3, 4, “why has Satan filled your heart to lie to the Holy Spirit? The Holy Spirit has emotions. God the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are distinct from one another in terms of their personal relationship. This is a vitally important concept. Ephesians 4:30, “do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, by whom you were sealed for the day of redemption.”, 4. Hello bro. I think it best for me to simply say a number of things concerning the identity of this Helper with little embellishment. Does the Bible teach that the holy spirit is a person? As the third member of the Trinity, the Holy Spirit is a Person and … Isaiah 63:10 records: “But they rebelled and vexed his Holy Spirit: therefore he was turned to be their enemy and he fought against them”. It is a fundamental revelation that the Holy Spirit is a Person, in the sense that the Father is a Person, and the Son is a Person. If the holy spirit were an actual person why would Jesus refer to it as God’s finger? 1 Corinthians 2:13, “We impart this in words not taught by human wisdom but taught by the Spirit, interpreting spiritual truths to those who are spiritual. The Holy Spirit’s attributes also point to His personality. Ephesians 4:30 (New International Version) says: And do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, with whom you were sealed for the day of redemption. 1 Corinthians 2:10-11, “the Spirit searches everything, even the depths of God. We believe that the Holy Spirit is co-equal with God the Father and God the Son and is of the same essence. Why is the Trinity doctrine not taught in the Bible? by Ernest L. Martin, Ph.D., 1991. 8:9) and he will come in the parousia, known traditionally as the second coming. . . And he who searches hearts knows what is the mind of the Spirit, because the Spirit intercedes for the saints according to the will of God.”, 10. The Holy Spirit has life (Romans 8:2), has a will (1 Corinthians 12:11), is omniscient (1 Corinthians 2:10–11), is eternal (Hebrews 9:14), and is omnipresent (Psalm 139:7). In fact, for centuries some of the most influential religions of Christendom have attributed personality to the holy spirit. When we say that the Holy Spirit is a person some assume that He has eyes, feet, and hands. A mere force could not possess all of these attributes, but the Holy Spirit does. When we are sensitive to the Holy spirit, he will move inside of our lives and do things that we never even imagined that we could do but if we refuse to yield to him, then guess what happens nothing look at your partner your person say not your partner. Recommended Resource: The Holy Spirit by Charles Ryrie They are grammatically either feminine or masculine or neuter, whether or not they refer to living things that are female or male. Unfortunately, that argument likely doesn’t stand up to scrutiny. Seeing the holy spirit for what it is —God’s powerful active force— can give you confidence that Jehovah will fulfill his promises. Among the myths and the mistaken concepts that are shared, He has been described as a force, a ghost, and a second-class or replacement god. Therefore, in Greek, a masculine pronoun is appropriate in referring to parakletos. apportions [spiritual gifts] to each one individually as he wills.”, 9. If the Holy Spirit were a person, the apostle Paul certainly disrespected and snubbed “Him” by omitting the Holy Spirit in his typical greetings to the churches. Amen. Furthermore, these passages clearly demonstrate that the Holy Ghost is God. The Holy Spirit is not an impersonal force. Because we are well used to the idea of the Trinity being a group of three persons, many people come to the texts of scripture with an a priori assumption that the Holy Spirit is person, and that wherever the Spirit of God is mentioned, that is understood to refer to a distinct person from the Father and the Son. . He is not simply “God’s active force,” as the cults suggest. As soon as … John 16:14, “He will glorify me, for he will take what is mine and declare it to you.”. Fact: The King James version of the Bible includes at 1 John 5: 7, 8 the words “in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one. I don’t mean that He is a human. The proof comes from many other scriptures in the Bible. It is completely misleading to read into the Bible a third Person, the Holy Spirit. All Scripture quotations, unless otherwise indicated, are taken from the New King James Version (© 1982 by Thomas Nelson, Inc.). He would represent Himself as present in all places by His Holy Spirit, as the Omnipresent.” - Manuscript Release 14, p. 23 We see over and over thru the Spirit of Prophecy and in scripture that the Spirit of Christ is the Holy Spirit. Something that does these personal things in relationship—like God, angels, and human beings—is a person. . He has the characteristics of a person. This is a vitally important concept. Tom Kirkpatrick holds a PhD in accounting from the University of North Texas, and is a retired CPA. Jesus refers to the Holy Spirit as parakletos (a “comforter” because the power of God has a comforting and encouraging effect in the minds and lives of those who receive it). no one comprehends the thoughts of God except the Spirit of God.”, 8. The Holy Spirit is the Third Person of the Trinity–equal with the Father and Son in essence. 1. One potential argument that the Holy Spirit is a person is to look at the Greek words in John 14:26, 15:26, and 16:13-14. In the Spanish language, this is a “feminine” noun, and it is appropriate to refer to a door by the use of a feminine pronoun (ella, which is equivalent to the English pronoun she). In Romans 8, Paul describes how the Holy Spirit intercedes (or prays) for believers.He says, “Likewise the Spirit helps us in our weakness. Would you not expect that to be said about a person, yes, about the “third person” of the Trinity? The Holy Spirit’s attributes also point to His personality. For we do not know what to pray for as we ought, but the Spirit himself intercedes for us with groanings too deep for words. Yet some other things attributed to God’s spirit … Rather, the doctrine of the Spirit, as we know it, developed over the first four centuries of the Church’s existence. The Holy Spirit has the Attributes of a Person. Acts 15:28, “it has seemed good to the Holy Spirit and to us to lay on you no greater burden than these requirements.”, 3. The fact that the Holy Spirit is a Person … A Watchtower publication asserts that. The Holy Spirit Is a Person. The translators of the King James Bible carried this grammatical arrangement over into the English in a number of places, such as John 14:16. As a person the Holy Spirit has a will, emotion, and intelligence. It was in this context that Tertullian also used the word trinitas” (key word “Trinity”). . HAVE YOU WONDERED? We baptize in His name as part of triune person of God – Father, Son, and Holy Spirit (Matthew 28:19) Wrapping our minds around the Father or Son as a person seems easier. Sign up to receive the week's latest articles, blog posts and updates. The marks of a genuine person are knowledge, feeling, and will. The Holy Spirit is more than a force—He’s a Person. Recommended Resource: The Holy Spirit by Charles Ryrie More insights from your Bible study - Get Started with Logos Bible Software for Free! Jesus also spoke of the Spirit as the Helper in John 14 and introduced Him as “the Spirit of truth” (14:17; 16:13). First, the fact that this nonbiblical addition is the only clear statement of the Trinity highlights the weakness of the Trinity doctrine. You can follow him on Twitter. Yet He is also distinct from them. The personality of the Holy Spirit has been attacked by Socinius and his followers ancient and modern who have held to the general position that the Holy Spirit is an impersonal energy proceeding from God. As the Father and Jesus make this distinction when speaking of Him. The Holy Spirit is a Person. The Spirit searches everything and comprehends God’s thoughts. —Genesis 1:2. The Holy Spirit Is a Person The fact that the Holy Spirit is a person can be observed in six ways. The best biblical example is the frequent “he” in Jesus’ teaching about the Holy Spirit in John 14-16. John 14:26, “the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, he will teach you all things and bring to your remembrance all that I have said to you. Affiliate disclosure: As an Amazon Associate, we may earn commissions from qualifying purchases on Amazon.com. We believe in the Holy Spirit, that He is active and alive in our world and our hearts. A similar situation exists in the Greek language—the language in which the New Testament was originally written. He is not simply “God’s active force,” as the cults suggest. Would you not expect that to be said about a person, yes, about the “third person” of the Trinity? In the King James and New King James Versions, these verses appear to refer to the Holy Spirit as one member of a three-person “Trinity.” This passage is quite misleading because nearly all biblical authorities agree that the words (in verses 7-8) “in heaven: the Father, the Word, and the Holy Spirit; and these three are one. Etymology. We know that these are the three attributes that describe a person. The Holy Spirit as a distinct person, however, is again absent—another inexplicable oversight if this Spirit is the third person of a triune God. Alejandro Espino, Thanks for following up on the article, “12 Reasons Why the Holy Spirit is Not a Person” (Part-1) The verses you brought up are BIG topics which require a full Bible Study on each of them because we need to include the CONTEXT of each verse when trying to understand what it means. These and other Bible passages have led some to conclude that the holy spirit is a person, just as God, Jesus, and the angels are individual spirit persons. It isn’t taught elsewhere in the Scriptures. we have understanding. The Holy Spirit is presented as a personal being with a self-identity different from both the Father, and the Son. What is the holy spirit? Jesus also referred to the Holy Spirit as the Comforter or the Counselor (John 14:16 and 15:26). He can be angered, frustrated, grieved (Eph. This Doctrinal Report concerns the Spirit of God. If the Holy Spirit is a person, why is the Holy Spirit not included when Paul, Peter and John sent greetings to the churches? The Holy Spirit is spoken of in many ways that demonstrate that it is not a divine person. One of the most fundamental errors regarding the Holy Spirit is the tendency of some cults to deny his very personality. https://www.learnreligions.com/who-is-the-holy-spirit-701504 And is the Holy Spirit a person—the third person of a trinitarian Godhead? (Hint: The early Church did not teach that the Holy Spirit is a person. But in English translation, door is grammatically referred to as “it,” since a door is not a female or male person, but a thing. This means the Holy Spirit is God, co-equal with God the Father and God the Son and is of the same essence. He mentions the Father and the Son (Jesus Christ) in his greetings but consistently omits the Holy Spirit (Romans 1:7; 1 Corinthians 1:3; 2 Corinthians 1:2; Galatians 1:3; Ephesians 1:2; Philippians 1:2; Colossians 1:2; 1 Thessalonians 1:1; 2 Thessalonians 1:1-2; 1 Timothy 1:1-2; 2 Timothy 1:2; Titus 1:4; Philemon 1:3). Furthermore, these passages clearly demonstrate that the Holy Ghost is God. Christians teach that the Holy Spirit is a person, but what is a person? However, the Spirit is a spiritual person, while Jesus was a flesh and blood person. Nor is the Spirit of God a different person from the Father. And there are three that bear witness in earth.” Never miss a post! But here’s the most amazing part of all of this: The Father and Son in the person of the Holy Spirit dwells inside of every believer. In this study, we will direct attention to some false teachings relative to the Holy Spirit. Print subscriptions available in U.S., Canada and Europe, Article URL: https://lifehopeandtruth.com/god/holy-spirit/is-the-holy-spirit-a-person/. The Latin word persona in the days of Tertullian never meant a self-conscious individual person, which is what is usually meant by the modern English word ‘person.’ In those days, it only meant legal ownership or a mask used at the theater. Copyright © 2021 The Gospel Coalition, INC. All Rights Reserved. Is the Holy Spirit Really a Person? As the Father and Jesus make this distinction when speaking of Him. '”, 3. It is actually the name Judah. The following verses give us a beautiful picture of the Trinity in the Bible: Matthew 3:16-17. The Holy Spirit is referred to as a person by scripture – Rom. As God, the Holy Spirit can truly function as the Comforter and Counselor that Jesus promised He would be (John 14:16, 26, 15:26). Thus three distinct persons are still of one substance (una substantia in Latin). Please make sure all fields are filled out. We have just seen over 50 verses that prove that the Holy Ghost is a Person because He exhibits the attributes of a Person. Acts 8:29, “the Spirit said to Philip, ‘Go over and join this chariot.’, Acts 13:2, “While they were worshiping the Lord and fasting, the Holy Spirit said, ‘Set apart for me Barnabas and Saul for the work to which I have called them. Since one of the major aspects of God’s nature is that he is a person, it follows that the Holy Spirit is a person. In this video devo Dennis Pollock teaches that the Holy Spirit is a Person, not a force or mere power, such as electricity or battery power. 4:30). The scriptur p. John 14:23 Love for Christ is proven and demonstrated by our obedience to all that he says. An Anthropology of Embodiment, Happy New Year: “All Glory Be to Christ!”. The Spirit can be outraged. We believe that the Holy Spirit is co-equal with God the Father and God the Son and is of the same essence. To many people, the Holy Spirit is an enigma. The word spirit is rendered as רוּחַ (ruach) in Hebrew-language parts of the Old Testament. Is the Holy Spirit a Person? . The Person and Work of the Holy Spirit. Acts 16:6-7, “they went through the region of Phrygia and Galatia, having been forbidden by the Holy Spirit to speak the word in Asia. 4:30). THE holy spirit can be grieved and can speak, teach, bear witness, act as a remembrancer and serve as a helper. A mere force could not possess all of these attributes, but the Holy Spirit does. The Holy Spirit is a person. Like you and me, the Holy Spirit also has emotions. The Holy Spirit - A Person or Power? Thus, in the English translation, the Holy Spirit is referred to as “He.” However, this is no more evidence that the Holy Spirit is a person than the use, in Spanish, of the feminine pronoun ella (she) to refer to a door is evidence that a door is a female person. o. John 14:22 Judas was a common name in the time of Jesus. Because we are well used to the idea of the Trinity being a group of three persons, many people come to the texts of scripture with an a priori assumption that the Holy Spirit is person, and that wherever the Spirit of God is mentioned, that is understood to refer to a distinct person from the Father and the Son. This potential confusion of understanding is quite easily avoided by realizing that the Bible teaches that the Holy Spirit is not a person but the power by which the Father gave human life to Jesus in the womb of Mary. The Holy Spirit is God, the third Person of the Trinity. In fact, for centuries some of the most influential religions of Christendom have attributed personality to the holy spirit. The Spirit makes decisions. Paul said to Titus, “Not by works of righteousness which we have done but according to His mercy He saved us, through the washing of regeneration and renewing of the Holy Spirit” (Titus 3:5). Romans 8:16, “The Spirit himself bears witness with our spirit that we are children of God.”. The Holy Spirit is presented as a personal being with a self-identity different from both the Father, and the Son. This is why Paul states in 1 Corinthians 8:6 1 Corinthians 8:6 But to us there is but one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we in him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom are all things, and we by him. Answers to Major Questions About the Holy Spirit (Part 2) To properly understand the basis and perspective of this article, readers are requested to read first the primary article published earlier in this website titled, 12 Reasons Why the Holy Spirit Is Not A Person (Part 1). First, we need to notice that the Holy Spirit is a unique person and not simply a power or an influence. He can also be pleased and satisfied (Acts 15:28–30). But what does the true source of all right doctrine tell us about the nature of the Holy Spirit? The Spirit glorifies Christ, takes what is Christ, and declares it to believers. A person is a living, intelligent being, with a mind, feelings, and emotions. 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