Ion Nitriding. Gas nitriding develops a very hard case in a component at relatively low temperature, without the need for quenching. SECO/VACUUM offers gas nitriding furnaces in a variety of styles and models. GAS NITRIDING: Materials And Applications. Gas nitriding. Using ammonia gas, the gas nitriding process is a low-cost and environmentally sound technology.However, the types of steels to which this process is applicable are limited. Salt Bath Nitriding Process The results of industrial applications of nitriding, developed by the Institute of Precision Mechanics are given. Gas nitriding is a surface hardening process, where nitrogen is added to the surface of steel parts using dissociated ammonia as the source. This application is a thermochemical process in which the workpieces to be treated are heated and exposed to a nitrogen-containing gas or a mixture of carbon-producing gas and ammonia during both the heating time and the treatment. Today, numerous applications exist for … Gas nitriding is only applied, as a rule, for alloyed steels. The article presents modern applications of gas nitriding and its derivative processes. This technology utilized a combination of vacuum, voltage, temperature and gas flow controllers that precisely control the final Nitriding phase. In nitriding, nitrogen diffuses into the steel and forms hard, wearresistant nitrides. Process details. Manufacturers often utilize highly cost-effective materials to complete this type of hardening treatment. However, times for gas nitriding can be quire long, that is, from 10 to 130 h depending on the application, and the case depths are relatively shallow, usually less than 0.5 mm. Gas nitriding. Commonly, the definition of term ‘nitriding’ is synonym to gas-nitriding of nitriding (alloy) steels (also called nitralloys), i.e., it is understood as the enrichment of solid steel surface with nitrogen by heating it in an atmosphere of NH 3 gas at a temperature normally in the range of 500-575°C for a prolonged period of 48 to 96 hours, depending upon the case-depth desired. This treatment takes place in a medium (gas or salt) which gives off nitrogen. In gas nitriding, the workpiece is treated in a stream of ammonia gas between 480 and 550 °C. The Gas Nitriding Process. For optimum results, the material should be in a hardened and tempered condition prior to gas nitriding. Plasma nitriding allows faster nitriding times, and the quickly attained surface saturation of the plasma process results in … UltraGlow® Gas Nitriding is a case-hardening process whereby nitrogen is diffused into the surface of a solid ferrous alloy by holding the metal at a suitable temperature in contact with a nitrogenous gas, usually ammonia. In the 1980’s the first commercial application of the Ion Nitriding process was introduced into the United States. Gas nitriding has become an important finishing step in the production of some metal parts. Gas Nitriding Process. Batch Gas-Nitriding Vacuum Furnaces . The proprietary ZeroFlow® control technology uses only ammonia as a process gas thereby reducing gas usage and gas emissions. Gas nitriding of sintered steels with low density is not recommended. The purpose of nitriding is to increase the surface hardness of the steel and improve its wearing properties. 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