This is a reference to the delicious golden-orange fruits that often hang on the tree after the leaves drop in autumn. 1). Diospyros virginiana (American Persimmon) - Persimmon is definitely one of our more common trees in Georgia. platycarpa Sarg. They can grow anywhere from 3 to 7 inches. Growing in a wide range of forests, its wood is also appealing. Several cultivars. Metcalf Tree to 17 m, dbh 0.5 m. Branchlets dark brown to blackish brown, glabrous. They turn yellow, pink or reddish-purple in the fall, creating a glorious display. At around six years of age, American persimmon trees can produce round orange fruits upon pollination by wind and insects. Bark is grey or black and distinctly blocky with orange in the valleys between the blocks. Wood carvers like to use it for its decorative grain and golf club manufactures like to use it for its durability (Rick 2018). Its bark has a distinctive alligator bark pattern (very dark and blocky), its buds are triangular and dark brown and its leaves, petioles and twigs are covered with flattened, matted hairs. The American Persimmon produces fruits quite different from its Asian counterparts, as depicted in the image above (The Fruit Nut 2014). The two commercially important species are the common, or American, persimmon (Diospyros virginiana), native to North America, and the Japanese, or kaki, persimmon (D. kaki), native to China but widely cultivated in other temperate regions. CPN (Certified Plant Nerd)Patrick.Breen@oregonstate.edu, College of Agricultural Sciences - Department of Horticulture, USDA Hardiness Zone Maps of the United States, Oregon Master Gardener Training: Identifying Woody Plants. Its leaves are smaller and it has black fruits where Diospyros virginianahas larger leaves and orange to purple fruits. Its mature height can be 60 feet, with branches sp… 7 Fig. Common Persimmon - Diospyros virginiana Ebony Family (Ebenaceae) Persimmon is native throughout Kentucky in dry woodland settings. The American persimmon has a Japanese relative and likely came to the Americas early on in evolution or through the Bering strait. Leaves alternate, simple, 5-13 cm long and 2-5 cm wide, oval to elliptic, rounded at base, entire or irregularly serrate, glossy dark green above and paler below. Dioecious --male and female trees --- although both sexes sometimes present on the same tree, white to greenish-white, blueberry-shaped flower, fragrant. They like to grow on low wetlands but can also grow on drier lands (Central Park Conservancy 2018). They take a long time to ripen and remain on the branch even after the leaes have fallen (The Fruit Nut 2014). Bark is grey or black and distinctly They do require, however, lots of sun (UConn 2018). Persimmon tree wood has a limited use in the manufacture of objects requiring hard wood, wooden flutes and wooden spoons to name a few. A small tree with alternate, simple leaves having pale green undersides. virginiana : Classification. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3812 plants and 23,753 images. DIVIP3: Diospyros virginiana L. var. The top of the leaves is glossy and the bottom of the leaves is softer and more leathery. pubescens (Pursh) Dippel: DIVIV4: Diospyros virginiana L. var. But they must be fully ripe. Diospyros virginiana. It is well adapted to cities, but presents a problem with fruit litter, attracting flies and scavengers, such as opossums and other mammals. Persimmon (Diospyros virginiana) Paul Nelson. Diospyros virginiana. It is a semi-wild fruit that is much smaller than the Asian persimmon, which is found more commonly in grocery stores. Its form is oval or rounded and symmetrical. Diospyros virginiana 'Killen' NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. When ripe, these fruits are very sweet. The fruits are considered juicy berries, have flattened seeds, grow in clusters, and have an enlarge calyx (Encyclopedia Britannica). The fruit was used for food and medicinal purposes by Native Americans. The roots are thick, fleshy and stoloniferous. The flowers of the American persimmon begin to bloom in May and stay in bloom until June (UVM 2018). On mature trees, the trunk bark is blackish gray and deeply furrowed into small flat-topped scales that are shaped like irregular squares or rectangles. Noteworthy Characteristics Diospyros virginiana, commonly called persimmon, is deciduous tree with a rounded oval crown that grows to 35-60’ tall. Common Persimmon, Eastern Persimmon, Possumwood, American Ebony, White Ebony, Bara-bara, Boa-wood, Butterwood, Possum Apples, Sugar-plum. Chief among the fruit-producing members are the persimmons. As such the fruit should not be picked until it is ripe, plump, and soft to the touch (Rick 2018). The fruit are quite juicy and sweet when ripe, but nearly impossible to joy when unripe due to the bitterness (Rick 2018). Diospyros virginiana: Common Persimmon 2 Description Height: 40 to 60 feet Spread: 20 to 35 feet Crown uniformity: irregular Crown shape: oval, pyramidal Crown density: moderate Growth rate: moderate Texture: medium Foliage Leaf arrangement: alternate Leaf type: simple Leaf margin: serrate Leaf shape: ovate, elliptic (oval) Leaf venation: pinnate Leaf type and persistence: deciduous Diospyros virginiana is a deciduous Tree growing to 20 m (65ft 7in) at a medium rate. The fruit is an important wildlife food and is edible. Because the plant is dioecious, the male trees have different flowers than the female trees. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). 8 Fig. The wood from old trees is very hard and has been used to make golf clubs. Fruit (berry) globose, 2.5-5 cm, blue-green when young and yellowish to pale orange at maturity, subtended by 4 persistent calyx lobes, edible. Salem, Oregon: east of the Bush House in Bush Pasture Park, male tree. long (15 cm). A deciduous tree 40 to 65 ft high in this country, but occasionally over 100 ft high in the wild, with a trunk 2 ft in diameter; young shoots more or less downy. The branches are gray or brown and very smoot, exhibiting 'alternate' arrangement of branching. This tree produces fragrant flowers that are dioecious, meaning that each tree only has one gender of flowers. The American persimmon is found natively as far north as New York and western Connecticut, as far south as Flordia, and as far west as Okalahoma (Central Park Conservancy 2018; Tree Trail 2017). http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.879.7480&rep=re…. https://www.tytyga.com/History-of-Persimmon-Trees-a/374.htm. The bark can sometimes be infected with gummosis fungi and flatheads eat the inner bark and can damage limbs. The plant itself is a small tree usually 30 to 80 feet (9 to 24 m) in height, with a short, slender trunk and spreading, often pendulous branches, which form a broad or narrow, round-topped canopy. ... Leaves: Leaves are alternate, simple, oval, glossy, up to 6" long x 2" across, with smooth margins and pointed tip. It was also described by early botanists, such as William. The branching of persimmon leaves is alternate. The male flowers are white-green and grow in clusters, whereas the female trees form solitary flowers that are a bit more yellow (UVM 2018). U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer). For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. Hardy to USDA Zone 4      Native range from Connecticut to Florida and west to Kansas and Texas. You probably will not find it in great numbers, like Oaks (Quercus), Ashes (Fraxinus) and Sweetgum (Liquidambar), but as an occasional tree. Diospyros virginiana is a medium-sized deciduous tree that will greatly vary in size depending on the environment. The bark forms distinct rectangles, which a distinct feature of the tree. Edible. There are too many multiple trunks to accurately measure the DBH, so this is just an estimate. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. There are yellow veins in leaf. In mid March 2020, two of the small Persimmons have leafed out, but the … Common Persimmon Diospyros virginiana. Diospyros virginiana L. Persimmon. This plant has oval entire leaves, and unisexual flowers on short stalks. The persimmon trees display a pattern made up of blocks with vertical ridges tan run down the trunk. http://www.hort.uconn.edu/plants/detail.php?pid=159. Specfically, they prefer moist but well-drained soil, but they can also be found in sandy, less fertile soil as they can living in a variety of pHs (UConn 2018). Patrick Breen, American Persimmon Diospyros virginiana Ebony family (Ebenaceae) Description: This medium-sized tree is typically 30-70' tall, consisting of an erect trunk about 1-2' across and an oblongoid to ovoid crown. Diospyros virginiana (American Persimmon) is a deciduous tree with a spreading crown and pendulous branches clothed in glossy green, oval leaves, 6 in. Diospyros japonicaSiebold & Zucc.. Synonyms: D. glaucifolia F.P. Persimmon, Diospyros virginiana, is native to eastern North America from New England, west to Kansas, and south to Texas and Florida. American Persimmon (Diospyros virginiana) American persimmons ripen in the fall and dangle from the branches like ornaments long after leaf drop. Diospyros virginiana L. var. Persimmon trees are known and recognized by their dark wood. Privacy policy. is used for its fruit and wood. Rank Scientific Name and Common Name; The fruit is produces is juice and pinkish-orange and can be very sweet if eaten when overripe (Rick 2018). Deciduous tree with a slender, oval-rounded crown, 35-60 ft (11-18 m) high and 20-35 ft (6-11 m) wide, suckers, bark thick, hard, in distinctive squares. Plantae>Magnoliophyta>Magnoliopsida>Ebenales>Ebenaceae>Diospyros virginiana L. Persimmon is a common and widespread medium-sized tree in North Carolina. Diospyros virginiana Figure 1. http://www.centralparknyc.org/about/blog/american-persimmon.html. http://ctl.w3.uvm.edu/omeka/exhibits/show/uvmtrees/persimmon-intro/persi…. An excellent small to medium tree, common persimmon is an interesting, somewhat irregularly-shaped native tree, for possible naturalizing in yards or parks. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. common persimmon Ebenaceae Diospyros virginiana L. symbol: DIVI5 Leaf: Alternate, simple, oblong to oval, 2 1/2 to 5 inches long, pinnately-veined, margin entire, lustrous green above and paler or whitened below. CROP DESCRIPTION: The American persimmon is a semi-wild fruit that is indigenous to eastern North America, with its native range extending from Florida to Connecticut. It is in flower in June, and the seeds ripen from October to November. The edges of the leaves are smooth (UVM 2018). Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. It usually grows to a mature height between 30' and 50', but might remain shrub-like and 15' tall in poor dry soil, or grow up to 100' in fertile moist soil. Diospyros virginiana is used for its fruit and wood. In the Southern Hemisphere, shoots grow in september and stop growing in July; leaves grow in september and fall off in May and June; anthesis of flowers begins in October; fruits are produced from November to April; and the trunk expands from May to June (Scheepers 2010). (Diospyros virginiana) The genus name for the American Persimmon means "Fruit of the Gods". Persimmon Common - Diospyros virginiana; Fig. The leaves are simple, alternate, entire, and elliptical to oblong. Common Persimmon1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION An excellent small to medium tree, Common Persimmon is an interesting, somewhat irregularly-shaped native tree, for possible naturalizing in yards or parks (Fig. Latin: Diospyros virginiana. On NameThatPlant.net, plants are shown in different seasons (not just in flower), and you can hear Latin … It was first described in Captain John Smith in 1609, who discovered the species in Virginia and said its fruit tasted like an apricot (Rick 2018). The only other native persimmon of North America is called Texas persimmon (Diospyros texana), and it occurs in Texas and northeastern Mexico. The leaves have an ovate shaped and are dark green in color. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not frost tender. Dioecious --male and female trees --- although both sexes sometimes present on the same tree, white to … The branch even after the leaes have fallen ( the fruit Nut 2014 ) 7 inches take a time! Ebenaceae > Diospyros virginiana L. 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