The spice, known as Ethiopian cardamom, false cardamom, or korarima, is obtained from the plant's seeds (usually dried), and is extensively used in Ethiopian and Eritrean cuisine.It is an ingredient in berbere, mitmita, awaze, and other spice mixtures, and is also used to flavor coffee. Some members got even frightened to. © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. Spice plants in Ethiopia: their culinary and medicinal applications. Careful plant selection, choosing disease, 5. Spices – commonly used spices are: garlic, ginger, turmeric, fenugreek, black pepper corns, korerima, beso bela, nutmeg, cinnamon, ajwain (carom), cloves, dried chilli, paprika Berbere spice mix – literally meaning ‘hot’ in Amharic (the Ethiopian national language) this blend of spices is used in everything. Fullas, F. (2001). Zerihun Shenkute contributed information based on professional knowledge of pharmacy and Western medicine, experience as a pharmacist serving Ethiopian immigrant patients, and firsthand cultural knowledge of Ethiopian communities’ traditional and herbal medicine practices. They are commonly divided into the categories of spices, spice seeds, and herbs.… is one of the precious spices. Western Journal of Medicine, 166, 29-36. Encouraging predatory beneficial insects to, 4. Conclusion: Such investigations are crucial from the view point of documentation and conservation of ethnobotanical and traditional knowledge, which helps in formulation of potential raw materials in modern industry for further availability and utilization of human beings. Ethiopian traditional medicine is vastly complex and diverse and varies greatly among different ethnic groups. From the time, par excellence to a vast majority of poverty stricken, turned out to be a regular food item in Kerala and, from the foreigners’ point of view this is the most, Brazil, one of the major cassava producers of, the world, has the credit to create ethanol from, cassava and use it as an answer to the fast shrinking, as a green fuel was a landmark both in the history, leaves have become a repellent material for some, discovered this property of cassava leaves and they, are distributing this new bio pesticide in three, against a spectrum of insect pests of global, properties, they are a blessing in disguise providing, replacement to the costly and dreadful synthetic, insecticides. Information was also obtained through a literature review that included studies of patient-health care provider relationships and current scientific data regarding chemical interactions of herbs and conventional drugs. The life forms of these plants were 47% herbs, 39% tree and 12% shrub respectively in their decreasing order. These are Berbere and Niter Kibbeh. Cross-cultural medicine and diverse health beliefs Ethiopians abroad. in the world doing exclusive studies on tuber crops, deserve special kudos not only from the crop, promoters and from all those who love and adore, Peethambaran and Prof. Reghunath along with, and Jithu. An introduction to the medical history of Ethiopia. utilization of different marketable medicinal plant species, edible fruits and spices sold by the marketer of Endasilase-Shire. methods such as boiling of the harvested capsules, harvesting is when the capsules attain maximum, size or when the capsules are red or yellowish, physical quality of the dried capsules, mature deep, red capsules are dried on wire mesh for 10 days in, The price of a kilo of dry korarima capsule in, domestic market ranges from 80 to 100 Birr (One, US$ = 21 Birr) in the villages. The use of traditional medicine by immigrant patients presents a unique concern. The levels of selected elements (Ca, Mg, Fe, Mn, Cu, Cr, Co, Zn, Ni, Cd and Pb) were determined in sweet fennel, Background: Explorations of medicinal, edible and spice plants are essential from the view point of documentation of indigenous and traditional knowledge, which accordingly helps in formulation of potential raw materials in modern industry for further availability and utilization by human being for different purposes. Even in the SNNPS region cultivation is mainly confined to two zones namely Wolaita Boloso and Kambata-Tambaro. technique modified bhatti before harvesting of the, After harvesting old shoots/mother plant/dry leaf. We carry authentic Ethiopian foods, spices, and traditional clothes. sulphate of potash (mineral potassium) may be carried out for, achieving required quantity of phosphorus and potassium, formulation (IISR Biomix) consisting of a, black pepper nurseries and plantations for. Because traditional medicine is culturally entrenched, accessible, and affordable, up to 80% of the Ethiopian population relies on traditional remedies as a primary source of health care (Kassaye et al., 2006). The elemental concentrations (μg/g) in fennel fruit were: Ca (20,500-23,000), Mg (1,310-3,460), Fe (1,140-1,900), Mn (31-51), Cu (24-103), Cr (91-98), Co (26-71), Zn (37-45), Ni (19-24), and Cd (1.6-1.9) while in the soil were: Ca (1,440-1,780), Mg (1,260-3,310), Fe (26,900-28,000), Mn (1,460-1,980), Cu (51-101), Cr (127-141), Co (54-143), Zn (99-104), Ni (98-161), and Cd (1.7-2.9). Cool, constantly, moist, but not waterlogged situations are, The forest ecology of south and southwestern, Bonga, Mugi, Jimma are suitable for korarima, Korarima is an obligate shade loving plant, Shade is very important both for korarima as it, creates suitable microclimate and regulates, moisture and temperature that facilitates optimum, growth and root development particularly as, koraima rhizomes produce very shallow roots at, Eventhough this spice is usually grown under, natural forest shade, it can be cultivated under, plantation forest. Naturally his master (guru) is his, plantains, pepper wines, tapioca and even paddy, a flourishing business in coconut and coconut oil, started a nursery in two and half acres of land taken, on lease where healthy seedlings of arecanut and, chilies, turmeric and vegetables also. Despite the prevalence of self-medication in immigrant populations and the potential for adverse herb-drug interactions, relatively few studies have assessed these risk factors in various groups. conditions for biological activity within the soil. Holding a doctorate. Rotating crops to interrupt pest reproduction, 8. Remashree: First Woman Director. Talking to patients about traditional therapies is crucial and should be done in a nonjudgmental manner to encourage the patient to feel comfortable in sharing this information with their health care provider. The risk is increased because of the chemical composition of these medicines and because they treat some of the most common illnesses in the Ethiopian immigrant population (Jackson, 2008). of the products at all stages of production. 50% of the recommend dose of fertilizer (i.e., NPK 100:50:50 kg/ha.) In North America the Ethiopian immigrant population is more diffuse, thus, traditional medical practitioners (TMPs) may be inaccessible and cultural misunderstandings may compound frustration with the conventional medical system (Hodes, 1997). Drain out if water stagnate around plant base. Marketable Medicinal, Edible and Spice Plants in Endasilase-Shire District Tigray Regional State, Et... Multi elemental analysis of indigenous food spices in Southern Ethiopia using INAA technique. Depend on renewable resources in locally, synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, and thus make the, inputs employed are user friendly and eco friendly. Received several, awards from Kerala Govt. Discover (and save!) Spanning a career of being a, Deputy Director and Head of the Pharmacognosy, and Drug standardisation Division of Centre for, Council of Medical Research (ICMR), Ministry, Dept. Koseret sebsebe were found to be very good sources of essential trace elements like Fe, Zn and Mn. Ethiopians have been cultivating spices and herbs for a very long time now and the dedication and skill taken to prepare them is evident in the final product. Inspect plant, bases after heavy rain and drain out stagnating, Care should be taken to avoid injury to root, The growing vines may be tied to the standard, be controlled by spraying quinalphos 0.05% (200, Against incidence of foot-rot disease, spray 1%, Bordeaux mixture. Ethiopia, such as seeds, oilseeds, poultry, dairy, spices, textiles and logistics. @ 5 l./vine apart from Bordeaux mixture spraying. A historical overview of traditional medicine practices and policy in Ethiopia. Zerihun Shenkute contributed information based on professional knowledge of pharmacy and Western medicine, experience as a pharmacist serving Ethiopian imm… Ethiopia exports, Idukki district has created a new history by, which suits the climatic conditions of the, size collected from the best trees available, in his home garden and grafts it into wild, nutmeg buds into one year old five to eleven, wild nutmeg plant go very deep into the soil, months the grafted plants start sprouting and, the roots stock is pruned to ensure proper, break or get uprooted easily even during the, becomes thick and the bottom turns fat and the, bud grafted on it sprouts after a few days. Semi-structured questionnaire from purposely selected marketer /local informants/, interviews and group discussion were carried out to collect data from the market of Endasilase-shire. Spices, like all foods, have a distinct shelf life and will go bad. Besides permanent, mulching layer reduces the potassium leaching and. Jimma Agricultural Research Center, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, erbere is a spice mixture used by Ethiopians in, The mixture is used to season the raw beef, but in taste and texture it is more similar, , fenugreek, and then cinnamon, long pepper, tatistics on the production of spices is very, ficult to come by in Ethiopia as the commodities, ge number of exotic spices such as ginger, tandardization, 50 spices are cultivated in the, C, and rain fall ranging from 200-2,000 mm, anzania, western Ethiopia (in the vicinity of. If, Developing agricultural production and productivity is the most important strategy in fostering critical capital shortage and enhancing economic growth and poverty reduction in Ethiopia. New Jersey, USA: The Red Sea Press, Inc. Papadopoulos, R., Lay, M., Gebrehiwot, A. From a naturopathic or Western herbal perspective, it’s hard to imagine people consuming spices in large enough quantities to be pharmacologically active. Ethiopian Journal of Health Development, 20, 127-134. What's the best, the worst and the most popular herb/spice in the world? The enjera you can find in our store is made of 100 … . Author(s): Alevtina Gall, BS, BA; Zerihun Shenkute, RPh, Reviewer(s): David Kiefer, MD; J. Carey Jackson, MD, MPH, MA. Any medical decisions should be made in consultation with your doctors. The average daily dietary intake of some essential elements from the use of these spices were found to be below the recommended upper limit by WHO. Spices Herbs Ethiopian is on Facebook. Research Center for Trans-cultural Studies in Health. Besides, their use did not start just for the taste. must be collected and destroyed or burned. There are several classes of medications that are at a higher risk for adverse herb-drug interactions, including anti-arrhythmic, anti-seizure, anti-diabetic, and anti-coagulant medication. Hence it is, important that the pesticide residue levels are, below the permissible limits so that it is safe for, of spices is fast growing in the agricultural sector, the moist soil with a transparent polythene film for, neem cake @ 1 kg/bed helps in reducing the incidence, The nematodes can be controlled by treating infested, rhizomes with hot water (50°C) for 10 minutes, using, nematode free seed rhizomes and solarizing ginger, biocontrol agent can be incorporated in ginger beds. Bishaw, M. (1991). cloves and salt. Korarima thrives best and, is mostly cultivated near the banks of the water, stream with natural forest shade. Some plants infected were cured by, experience is reported from other districts of. His, experiments in plantains lead to the development, of Spices Board, creating a record being the first, woman Director of the Board. Agriculture, Kerala (Retired), Pearl Hill, apioca based three bio-pesticides have a very, , International Business, Corferias Bogota, richoderma or Pseudomonas or Bacillus species, imely planning and execution of farm operations, eeding, earthing up the beds and mulching, op shoot borer attack in young plantations can, o control shoot borer incidence spray 0.05%, ransplant seedlings to the main field. The highest concentration of Mg was found in Ajowan whereas K and Fe were measured in Coriander seeds. Using insect traps to monitor and manage, Each of these techniques also provides other. (Feb. 4, 2008) Personal interview with HMC Pharmacy Services pharmacist on topic of Ethiopian traditional medicine use in immigrant patients (Harborview Medical Center, Seattle, WA). Disability Exception for Citizenship (N-648), Commonly used Herbs/Spices and their Potential Drug Interactions. The following table summarizes the most commonly used herbs and spices in Ethiopia and their potential drug interactions (Fullas, 2003). Join Facebook to connect with Spices Herbs Ethiopian and others you may know. According to the estimate done in Kerala, farmers could gain millions of dollars by saving, of success of the wonderful bio-pesticides, outreaches the nation and becomes globally useful, low cost of production and application char. bags and when they are of four inches length, and productivity of the nutmeg plants are assured, as the buds are collected from the best trees, are grown under the direct supervision of Mr, Grafting is done at the green house constructed in. Please refer to the sidebar for a PDF table of Commonly used Herbs/Spices and their Potential Drug Interactions. Enrichment of phosphorus in. Social Science and Medicine, 33, 193-200. Unusual changes in a patient’s state of health or reaction to a prescribed medication may be explained by the concurrent use of traditional medicine. Hodes, R. (1997). But the grand success produced by the, bold initiative enhanced confidence by several, folds that gave courage to give the treatment to, that the loss due to the attack could be reduced, from the expected 40 percent to less than just 1, percent. 361 likes. Pesticides when, not judiciously used may disrupt natural biological, pest control mechanisms and result in more, An alternate path to curtail the issues of, *ICAR- Indian Institute of Spices Research, Regional S, Karnataka, Pin- 571 201, email: gowda@spices.res.in, ankegowdasj@redif, **ICAR- Indian Institute of Spices Research, Marykunnu PO, Kerala, Pin- 673 012, based production approach respecting the rules of, nature and excluding the use of chemical inputs. Maintain biological diversity within the, 4. Their antibacterial, antiparasitic, antiseptic, digestive and general healing properties made them a key ingredient of food in the countries that produced them. Of the identified species 40% were food crops, 17.3% were crops used for income, 13.3% were medicinal, 17.3% were plants used as live fence, 20% were used for building and fuel, 10.6% were used for home materials, 4% were used as spices, 5.3% were stimulants, 10.6% were used as ornamentals and 20% plant species were used for shading. Use of botanicals like neem, garlic, etc. Available on-line: http://www.mdx.ac.uk/www/rctsh/embrace.htm, Shenkute, Z. Postharvest handling Repeat bio agent application and foliar spray with, If bio-control measure is followed, basal. @ 2 t/ha, composted coir pith @ 5 t/ha and suitable, solubilizing bacteria will improve the fertility and, Spices are an inevitable additive in wide variety, of cuisines, and also used in cosmetics and, traditional ayurvedic formulations. Kassaye, K.D., Amberbir, A., Getachew, B., Mussema, Y. Balachandran, leader of a 10,000 strong. Spices Herbs Ethiopian è su Facebook. It contains ground. It can be applied twice a, t/ha along with vermicompost @ 4 t/ha and, phosphate solubilizing bacteria will improve the, Pest and Disease management in Black Pepper, (this quantity is recommended for a substrate, Pollu beetle can be managed by shade regulation and, Neem oil (0.3%) spray at 21 day intervals during July-, October and that of scale insects by removing severely, infected branches and spraying Neem oil (0.3%) or, ash has to be done to get required quantity of. Result: About twenty-eight plant species belonging to 22 families and 28 genera used as medicinal, edible and spice were identified. Cultivation and postharvest handling practices affecting yield and quality of major spices crops in Ethiopia: A review Tsegaye Shimelis Hordofa & Tasisa Temesgen Tolossa | Cultivation and postharvest handling practices affecting yield and quality of major spices crops in Ethiopia: A review PUBLIC INTEREST STATEMENT, Effect of stage of maturity at harvest on the quality of different accessions of turmeric (Curcuma domestica Val) in Southwestern Ethiopia, The effect of different node number cuttings on nursery performance of Vanilla (Vanilla planifolia syn. termed as a sin committed to the farmers. fruit (Foeniculum vulgari Mill.) with Pseudomonas fluorescens is recommended. Health care providers should closely observe their patients and be conscious of adverse herb-drug interactions. If Berebere is the ‘Big Daddy’ of Ethiopian spices, ‘heavyweight.’ Mitmita is a powdered seasoning, mix used in Ethiopian cuisine. leading to serious illness that could be fatal. Disclaimer: EthnoMed is designed for educational purposes only and is not rendering medical advice or professional services. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. We have delighted the palettes of Bay area residents (San Francisco) since 1991 via our sister restaurant Café Colucci. establishing research partnerships, Homegardens are one of the most complex and diverse agroforestry systems worldwide and played an important role towards the development of early agriculture and domestication of crops and fruit trees. Discover national, regional and local herb/spice varieties around the world. done and provide earthing up and mulching. Patients may feel that they will be judged by their physicians if they disclose their use of traditional medicine (Shenkute, 2008). After planting, stacking and tying around sticks, mulching plant base with leaves and weeds to con-. Spices & Herbs Ethiopian Restaurant, Arusha: See 120 unbiased reviews of Spices & Herbs Ethiopian Restaurant, rated 4 of 5 on Tripadvisor and ranked #21 of 152 restaurants in Arusha. Under the rule of Menelik (1865-1913) Western medicine became significantly more incorporated into the Ethiopian medical system. in Botany from the University of Calicut, Kerala, researcher in 1989. This table is best used when interviewing patients about laboratory findings or side effects when an interaction may be suspected. For instance, a widespread Ethiopian remedy for the common cold involves the consumption of large quantities of garlic and ginger, which has the potential to interact with anti-coagulant, hypoglycemic, and cholesterol-lowering medications (refer to following table). Most immigrants who come from countries that rely on traditional medicine continue to use that form of medicine in conjunction with the use of conventional medical facilities. Table: Commonly used Herbs/Spices and their Potential Drug Interactions. Results obtained for 16 elements: Major elements; Mg, Cl, and K; Minor elements; Na, Fe, and Mn, Zn, Br. In short, these are antidotes which provide near, total assurance and safety to banana and all types, of vegetables, fruit trees, ornamental plants and. your own Pins on Pinterest Cultural snapshots: A guide to Ethiopian refugees for health care workers. soil is done by incorporation of rock phosphate, phosphorus for greater availability to the plants), treated compost. However, the commercial production of ginger is limited to SNNPR (Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples' Region) where much of the country's production and marketing activities are located. with Pseudomonas fluorescens at plant base. In severe situations, drench, 0.2% COC (200 g./100 l. water) at the plant base. The herb is used as carminative, digestive, diuretic, cosmetic and medicine. In countries with substantial Ethiopian immigrant populations, traditional herbs, medical devices, and practitioners are readily available (Papadopoulos, 2002). However, most medical establishments primarily served the urban elites and foreign missionaries and were concentrated in the major cities (Pankhurst, 1990). Pankhurst, R. (1990). It occasionally has other spices, including, but not limited to, cinnamon, cumin and, Apart from Berbere the major use of spice in, Ethiopia is in the preparation ‘wet’ a thick spiced, stew which is consumed together with ‘Injera.’, Injera is a flat fermented thin bread made of cereals, by the Government, shows that at the national, level, spices has a 1.79 percent share of total house, hold expenditure with major spice expenditure, expenditure for rural Ethiopia is higher at 1.87, percent, while the share for Urban Ethiopia 1.46, below sea level at Dallol Depression in the East to, 4,620 meters above sea level on Mount Ras, are not part of the national agricultural crop survey, covering by spices is approximately 222,700 ha, Ethiopia, the Southern National and Nationalities, which produces the maximum quantity of spices, Most of us know that Ethiopia is the centre of, Ethiopia is also the center of origin for some of, Ethiopia get all of these spices? Conversely, it can be used to help caution patients about potential interactions, if particular herbs or spices are consumed in large volumes. Spices, being a cash crop, have an immense potential for countries economic development through improving smallholder farmers, creation and expansion of employment opportunities and distribution of income and foreign exchange earnings. Numerous medical envoys from abroad, starting with the Italians and Russians, were influential in building hospitals, providing medical training and participating in vaccination campaigns. Another study found that only 5% of Chinese immigrants surveyed reported that their physician had ever asked about their use of traditional medicine (Wu et al., 2007). the hour for swift action and decisions should be, agriculture system and excellent benefit to the, The whole world may watch CTCRI with pride, and hope once they get the opportunity to use the, wonder pesticides in their farms orchards and, fields.Cassava based green pesticides are sure to, create a global sensation through its astonishing, Chairman, Spices Board welcomed the chief guest, explained the uses of the exhibited spices to the, Colombia Chamber of Commerce, Mrs. Rochelle, COC (0.2%) drenching + 1% Bordeaux mixture. The crop starts maturing at low altitude area. may be applied at the time. that help to scale down the level of pollution. Plant Species Diversity and Composition of the Homegardens in Dilla Zuriya Woreda, Gedeo Zone, SNNPR... Levels of major and trace elements in fenel (Foeniculum vulgari Mill.) the plantation. so much confidence and gave unusual boldness to, plants to start with. Bio-fertilizers can also be applied. Use of herbal remedies by Hispanic patients: do they inform their physician? For Integrated Pest Management, spray either quinalphos @ 200 ml in 100 l. of water, (sprays must coincide with shoot borer moth, Provide adequate drainage if water stagnation, against azhukal and rhizome rot in severely, application of fungicides/bio-control agents may, with dried forest leaves to prevent soil erosion and, Disease/Pest infested suckers may be removed, Overhead pandals may be erected in sucker, Chirke and Foorkey infected plants may be, destroyed by uprooting/burial at regular intervals, Regular inspections may be carried out to, observe caterpillar/shoot borer/ shoot fly incidence, if any and may be hand picked and destroyed. Simple random sampling was used to obtain a, Sweet fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.) 5. Protect the environment, minimize soil. 7. Author Alevtina Gall discussed the use of traditional medicine by Ethiopian patients with Dr. J. Carey Jackson, Medical Director of the International Medicine Clinic at Harborview Medical Center, and with Zerihun Shenkute, co-author of this article and pharmacist at Harborview. PDF | On Jul 10, 2016, Girma Hailemichael published In Search of Spices and Herbs in Ethiopia | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate plant banana which formed their livelihood crop. It is an ingredient in berbere, mitmita, awaze, and other spice mixtures, and is, spice crop exported from Ethiopia mainly as a, herbaceous, perennial plant producing leafy stems, Ethiopia was well known for the export of, considerably during the recent past and the, kororima export was less than 100 MT during, of korarima during 2014/15 crop year was 9.56. thousand ton with a productivity of 5.1Q/ha. Vanilla fragrans) in south western Ethiopia, Conservation of Natural Resources, Traditional Practices and Social Issues. Ethiopian patients who use traditional medicine and do not inform their health care providers may do this for several reasons. phosphorus and potassium supplementation. The country today produces as much as 50 spices of the 109 spices that are listed by the ISO or the International Standard Organization for Standardization. Potassium is provided by wood, ash, sea weeds, and tobacco stem, used alone or, in combination with others. The homegaden in the study area were highly diversified with different plant species that provide multiple use for the household. 8. Family Medicine, 39, 195-200. Planting companion crops that discourage or, 6. While Al, V, Sm, Sc, La, Ba, Eu, Rb were found in traces. or Bank, The views expressed by the contributers are not, 4 In Search of Spices and Herbs in Ethiopia, 16 Dr. A.B. The average size of the homegardens of the study area ranges from 250m 2 (small) to 2000m 2 (large) with mean of 665.42m 2 . ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any references for this publication. Consumption of these herbs and spices as part of a normal diet is not likely to cause adverse herb-drug interactions because they are consumed in relatively small quantities. Being practiced by smallholder farmers is not detected in the world abundant ( e = 0.45 ) unrelated and. With an objective of investigating the role of homegardens for improved livelihoods and Food security in Dilla Woreda... 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