I would say there is zero evidence of authentein referring to a normal, or healthy, exercise of authority around the first-third centuries. And Edgar’s assumption that “the verb ‘teach’ concerns a position commonly connected with authority” has no basis in the New Testament (cf. Knowing names. We tend to think of those ancient days as a time of limited travel, and they were. Second, the context demands nothing more than a general sense, rendered adequately as a servant of the church at Cenchrea. 2. Twenty-nine people are mentioned in Romans 16:1-16, with twenty-eight based in Rome. 11:33-34). 1. None of the names mentioned from Romans 16:5-15 are otherwise known. The premise was that I Corinthians 11:2-16 refers to a non public setting and is not about conduct in the public church meetings. These people probably all belong to the same house church in Rome. (Romans 16:1-15, NRSV) This is a beautiful picture of the diversity of the early church. Hearing and seeing the amazing names of God helps us know who God is, and it gives us a deep sense of awe for our wonderful and great God and Father. So here’s the thing: NRSV. But they were not compiled until later, and they were not regarded as scripture until later. . 6-16. There were thousands of names and initials scratched on the rocks, but high up on the side of it, above almost every other name, was scratched "George Washington." That’s because only the men in Ephesus were having a problem with anger and arguments. . In the latter part of Verse 10 and in Verse 11 two groups are mentioned, involving Christians and, perhaps, non-Christians as well: Greet those who belong to the household of Aristobulus. Somewhere along the line they shared a prison term with him. All in all, the pages I read contain messy arguments, prejudiced assumptions, and only a small amount of technical or verifiable information that might actually help us understand what Paul meant in 1 Timothy 2:11-15. Both his theology and his attitude were questionable. Now they are in Rome, having traveled from Corinth and Ephesus. 5:6), Israel (Rom. Nine of these people were with Paul — eight men and one woman. I am not going to finish it today, however. Message transcript and recording © 1977 by Ray Stedman Ministries, owner of sole copyright by assignment from the author. Verse 5 mentions a church that met in the house of Aquila and Priscilla . c. Amplias: There is a tomb dating from the late first or early second century in the earliest Christian catacomb of Rome which bears the name AMPLIAS. Twenty-nine people are mentioned in Romans 16:1-16, with twenty-eight based in Rome. One wonders at the number of them, considering that the writer had never been at Rome. Romans 16:6. This just shows again here that many women helped with Paul's ministry. So for my sake, I’ve compiled this list of people who Paul mentions in Romans 16:1-16 so I don’t have to keep going back to the passage to check how many people there are. Thank you for your consideration of my questions. In addition, I have seen the claim that women had enough literary skills to read the Scriptures, and should have already been trained to have an understanding of the Scriptues. She was not behaving badly towards women, but to a man, probably her husband, so there’s no reason to mention women. All ancient writers who commented on Romans 16:7 understood the name to be feminine, from the early church Fathers until the 13 th century. This passage has three simple divisions: First, Paul's greetings to the brothers and sisters at Rome (the first 16 verses), then a brief warning about phony Christians who were there in Rome, and Then greetings from the brothers who were with Paul as he wrote. This inspiring video shows several of the most important Hebrew names of God. Also say hello to the church that meets in their house. Sosipater may be the man from Beroea, mentioned in Acts 20 as "Sopater." Not only I but all the churches of the Gentiles are grateful to them. Again, thank you for your articles and work! I was also curious about another argument that I heard recently involving I Corinthians 11:2-16 and 14:34-35. ... Twenty-nine people are mentioned in Romans 16:1-16, including ten women, seven of whom are described in terms of their ministries. I think this passage reminds us that God has called us all to a ministry, and we all have to give an account for what we have done with our gifts. 11:2-16 is about a man or woman praying or prophesying to themselves in the privacy of their own home. Nympha: A House Church Leader in the Lycus Valley (Col. 4:15) Thank you, I look forward to hearing your thoughts. Romans 16:24 is the same as Romans 16:20 b. 16Greet one another with a holy kiss. Nympha is mentioned as having a church that meets in her house, but some insist she was not a church leader. There is a wistful note here as Paul remembers that they were in Christ before him, and no doubt they were praying for him. But let me quickly add that Edgar’s statement that “to murder” was a common meaning of authenteō is simply wrong. It is also apparent that Paul has no problem with these women. This idea is also based on the fact that I Corinthians 14:35 makes a distinction between the home and the public setting of the church. His name means "called," and he certainly proved himself to be one whom God had called. The idea of “formal” versus “informal” meetings is a more modern concern, one that the NT does not address. Keep away from them. His attitude is lamentable and cause for concern. 16:15). Romans 16 is the sixteenth (and the last) chapter of the Epistle to the Romans in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.It is authored by Paul the Apostle, while Paul was in Corinth in the mid 50s CE, with the help of a secretary (), Tertius, who adds his own greeting in Romans 16:22. 18. The grace of our Lord Jesus be with you. There is an Alexander who comes to the rescue of Paul in the city of Ephesus, at the time of the outcry there. I’ve numbered and named the people, along with the verse or phrase from Romans 16:1-16 where they are mentioned. It is not general teaching that refers to everyone in the Ephesian church. She had travelled to Rome where one of her tasks was to deliver Paul’s letter. Some of you are old enough to remember when we started! After Mary, Paul mentions the couple Andronicus and Junia. So, here are the names for God in the Bible. Text: Romans 16:1-16 Nowhere in Paul's epistles do we find such a long list of names. Michael Bird on inconsistent complementarian attitudes to women teachers, Questions about how to interpret and implement 1 Timothy 2:12, https://margmowczko.com/1-timothy-212-not-as-clear/, https://www.pbpayne.com/wp-admin/Payne2008NTS-oude1Tim2_12.pdf, https://www.pbpayne.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/Payne-OUDE-CBE-ETS-final.pdf, https://margmowczko.com/chastity-salvation-1-timothy-215/. Hab 2:4: Rom 2:24: For the name of God is blasphemed among the Gentiles through you, as it is written. Moore’s notes on the list of people in Romans 16:1-16. Tryphaena [trigh-FEE- 1:6). 14:1-15:6), and the women and slaves or former slaves we have met in Romans 16:1-15. Herodion, my kinsman - Probably another converted Jew. Third, they believed that there is need for rest and leisure at times, but only to restore them to go back into the battle. 11:17ff and 1 Cor. May God continue to bless you in your blog-ministry, and let your heart be warmed often! His readers are “called to belong to Jesus Christ” (Rom. You can tell by the way they act that is what they want. She is one of the group of unknown women in the Gospels who had the gift of helps. And while claiming that authenteō can have a positive meaning, he does not give a single example where this is the case. Part of this was based on the fact that I Corinthians 11:17 shows a clear transition to the believers meeting together, which is not clearly mentioned in I Corinthians 11:2-16. Romans 16:1 Or servant; Romans 16:1 The word deacon refers here to a Christian designated to serve with the overseers/elders of the church in a variety of ways; similarly in Phil. Romans 16:21. This is an interesting question because a study of "in Christ" will reveal to us the meaning and implications of the Gospel of Jesus Christ. These are numbers worth remembering. I was delighted to see your information and article pop up and immediately delved into it. Phoebe was a minister in Cenchrea, a port town of Corinth. Not only I but all the churches of the Gentiles are grateful to them. Only the wealthiest people and scholars had personal access to the written scriptures, that is, the Old Testament. 1 Timothy 2:8-10 is about bad behaviour and wrong practices. And yet, they who did not have to work for a livelihood worked hard in the service of the Lord. There is a Rufus here in Rome, who is well known, and Paul sends his greetings to him, and reminds him also that Rufus' mother had been his mother too, at some time. Four things ring clearly throughout their lives: One, they were not their own. Tertius is writing down the letter, and the others are gathered around listening to Paul as he dictates, and profiting much from the writing of these great truths. The author of Romans is a slave or servant of Christ (Rom. Enjoy this video and share it … Philologus Romans 16:15 Greet our dear friend Persis, who has laboured hard in the Lord. 1 Cor. There are 24 names mentioned in Rome — 17 men and 7 women. None of the names mentioned from Ro 16:5-15 are otherwise known. It took weeks to reach cities that we now reach in less than an hour by plane. Did Paul make a point of affirming these women in an effort to ease tensions caused by some Roman Christians who had a problem with ministering women? Was there this distinction between public and private meetings in the early church? Your email address will not be published. But that is how I see it too: “she will be saved through childbearing if they [husband and wife?] He comments on the faith of a few of these people, on his relationships with a few of these people, and on some of their ministries. So there is quite a list of people the apostle knew personally in Rome, though he himself had not yet visited that city -- these are people he had known somewhere else in the Roman Empire. That is our brief look at Marys in the New Testament. You can see from his name that this man had connections with the family of Herod. 16:1,2 - Phoebe is a deaconess (diakonos) in the church of Cenchrea, a “helper (prostatis) of many” including Paul. You cannot read Chapter 16 of Romans without being impressed by the number of women Paul mentions — many more than in any other literature of that day. Approaching this term from a statistical perspective, we should expect to find the non-technical sense In Romans 16:1. 5Greet also the church that meets at their house. Here in Romans 16 are six members of Paul's family, kinsmen who are now Christians. I apologize for it being upside down; I am not sure how to change it. By smooth talk and flattery they deceive the minds of naive people. Nine of these people were with Paul -- eight men and one woman. One wonders at the number of them, considering that the writer had never been at Rome. Already, in the heart of the Roman Empire, a Christian witness had been established, and Paul sends greetings to the slaves and servants in the house of Nero. They believed that. Paul's greetings in Romans 16. My thanks to Pastor Moore, too, then! Phlegon Romans 16:14 I cannot see an ecclesiastical office here. There is only one more thing that I am curious about. Adam Clarke Commentary. There is strong suggestion here that Phoebe was a teacher or an evangelist -- a laborer for the gospel with Paul. The Roman soldiers laid hold of a passing stranger whom they compelled to bear the cross to Calvary. That is why, at the beginning of this letter, he says, their "faith is being reported all over the world," (Romans 1:8 NIV). Romans is all about considering the place of the “other” in God’s plan, whether that is the ungodly (Rom. In the cemetery at Domitilla, found among the catacombs in Rome, there is a highly decorated tomb with the single name "Ampliatus," written on it. 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