7 in the Efflatoun (1924) plate. Virulence of 4 entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) species, Heterorhabditis bacteriophora, H. indica, Steinernema carpocapsae, and S. asiaticum, was evaluated at different temperature degrees (15, 20, 25, 30 and 35 °C) against the immature stages of fruit fly species, B. xref Bactrocera were found, B.dorsalis and B.zonata, which attack on mango orchards, (Stone house et al., 2002). Economic importance: The PPF attacks many fruit trees and is a major pest of peach, mango and guava. Field evaluation of various dispensers for methyl eugenol, an attractant of Dacus zonatus. 12 0 obj <> endobj 21 and 303),, one of a series of the Entomology and Nematology 0000004234 00000 n 0 Molecular organization of tra genes and alternative splicing patterns. Learn more about the change. 0000007855 00000 n This pest is difficult to be controlled by the traditional chemicals due to the behavior of its larvae that hide inside the fruits or its pupae that pupate in the soil. 0000002690 00000 n Life cycle: A female produces about 130 (and up to 550), which are inserted into the host fruit and hatch within 1–3 days. The fruit fly Bactrocera zonata (Dacus zonata) is a serious pest of fruits in many parts of the world. Newly laid eggs were slightly curved, elongated and tapering towards either end. 2001. 61 0 obj <>stream 0000105527 00000 n Bactrocera dorsalis Taxonomic placing: Insecta, Holometabola, Brachycera, Diptera, Tephritidae. B.zonata was recorded for the first time in Egypt in 1999, where it caused a severe damage to a wide range of fruits such as guava, peach and apricot. Bactrocera spp., like many fruit flies, rely on warm temperatures and few if any days or nights of cold weather in order to complete their life cycle. Qureshi, Z., Hussain, T., Carey, J.R, and Dowell, R.V. Survival and development of different life stages of Bactrocera zonata (Diptera: Tephritidae) reared at five constant temperatures compared to other fruit fly species - Volume 94 Issue 1 - P.F. 0000004083 00000 n Thermal requirements of the peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) (Diptera: Tephritidae), and its exotic parasitoid species Aganaspis daci (Weld) (Hymenoptera: Eucoilidae). Bactrocera dorsalis Hendel (Tephritidae) is a polyphagous pest in large number of fruit and vegetable crops worldwide. Depending on the climate, PFF may raise several annual generations. Egyptian Academic Journal of Biological Sciences 9: 89-96. 0000120744 00000 n Abstract The peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) (Diptera: Tiphritidae), is an economic insect pest attacking the fruits of mangoes, apricots, guava, citrus, and peaches. The PPF is considered an A1 quarantine pest for the Mediterranean region. They overwinter in the larval or pupal stages. 0000021024 00000 n Stibick, J.N.L. Steve Francia, See also fig. within one estimated life cycle, within an area of 9 km radius. 0000012991 00000 n The incubation period was 1-2 days. and Naseem, S. 2013. Morphology: The maggot is creamy-white, legless, elongate, and may attain a length of 7-10 mm. 0000003001 00000 n Geographical distribution: The Middle East, Indian sub-continent, South East Asia, Reunion, Mauritius. 1993. Insecticide resistance in Bactocera zonata (Diptera: Tephritidae) in District, Sargodha, Pakistan. The peach fruit fl y has many host plants but prefers %PDF-1.4 %���� 0000157232 00000 n Generally, life cycle of fruit fly indicated six development stages: mating, oviposition, egg, larvae, pupae and adults while the larval have three development stages (1st, 2ndand 3rdinstar). Shalom Applebaum, The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment Chemical control: Organophosphates were formerly applied for PFF control by area-wide spraying; but due to the emergence of pesticide resistance they are being replaced by spinosad. 0000105427 00000 n Bactrocera zonata is about the size of a house fly and predominantly red-brown in colour. 0000020240 00000 n Bactrocera correcta (Bezzi), often referred to as the "guava fruit fly" (although the larvae of many other species of fruit flies feed on guava - and Anastrepha striata Schiner is also called the "guava fruit fly") (White and Elson-Harris 1994), was detected for the first time in the Western Hemisphere when one female was found on 6 August 1986 in Garden Grove, Orange County, California. Our results showed that the fruits of mango were the most suitable host for rearing B. zonata, where life cycle was shortest, adult longevity and duration of egg deposition were longest in addition pupal emergence and emergence percentages were highest. Qureshi, Z .A ., Siddiqui, Q.H. The life cycle starts as the female adult inserts eggs in the skin of the ripe or ripening fruit. Duyck, J.F. Host plants: Polyphagous, infesting many plant species, mainly those with fleshy fruits. During the warmer hours of the day they disperse and fly actively. ]�y������9X�x��p�����}��`�K�2+��Ҧ:: (�h�L*�'�dJ(��O�b�f(Oۢ�r�϶ɇ\���d� 2��i�V. Diptera: Tephritidae. 2005. She can lay up to 500 eggs, making it difficult to control the population. Journal of Applied Entomology 113: 365–367. 206-222. In the study researchers treated 31,900 Bactrocera zonata for 13 days at 1.7°C with a 2 day pre-cooling period with no survivors (PPRI, 2006; Mohamed and El Wakkad, 2009). UofT Libraries is getting a new library services platform in January 2021. Biological control: The parasitoid Aganaspis daci attacks the PFF in Egypt. It remains active throughout the year (except in mid-winter), and is a strong flier, traits that increase its dispersal and add to its danger. and El-Wakkad, M.F. . Biochemistry and Pharmacology 2:114. Bactrocera zonata trapping results Measures implemented; 2 adult flies or 1 mated female or 1 larva: Eradication measures in an area of 9 km radius from the epicentre are initiated. Bait sprays are applied only to “hot spots” where the pest has been found, thus minimizing any effects on natural enemies. Web sites: https://www.google.co.il/search?q=bactrocera+zonata&biw=1024&bih=695&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ved=0CBoQsARqFQoTCJO8jty5wcgCFUnSGgodYCkBYQ, Uri Gerson A new distribution map is provided for Bactrocera zonata (Saunders). B. zonata larvae feed exclusively on fruits, causing severe damage to crops. Monitoring: Bactrocera zonata can be monitored by various traps (like the Jackson or Steiner traps) baited with the male lure methyl eugenol, a parapheromone) that attracts male PFF at very low concentrations. Most species that have been investigated demonstrate that the life cycle can be accomplished more quickly during warmer temperatures than in even slightly less warm temperatures. OEPP/EPPO Bulletin 35: 371–373. trailer 0000020918 00000 n The fruit fly's life cycle begins when the female lays her eggs on a piece of fermenting fruit or other decaying, sweet organic material. 2000. Duyck PF(1), Sterlin JF, Quilici S. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), pp. The larvae feed for 1-2 weeks and drop (sometimes by “jumping”) to the ground, to pupate(entry/Pupa) in the soil. B. Heppner, J. L. Nation, and G. J. Steck2 1. EPPO Bulletin 2010. style based on spf13 The lowest threshold of development is around 15°C, and the optimum is at 25–30°C. Hashem, A.G., Mohamed, S.M.A. 0000003387 00000 n After completion of the third instar, larvae … Sterlin, S. Quilici J5�2H%�N`;�yGx�d�Ư�v \������(��r���̲����-1c[A��2��������3��c��;��@� �������k�f�; X<2� dedicated to the memory of, https://www.google.co.il/search?q=bactrocera+zonata&biw=1024&bih=695&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ved=0CBoQsARqFQoTCJO8jty5wcgCFUnSGgodYCkBYQ. 12 50 a. Tephritidae. Integrated Cotrol of Citrus Pests in the Mediterranean Region. 0000017641 00000 n Identification of Bactrocera zonata. In the African region, it has been reported in Egypt, Mauritius and Reunion. After introduction, it can easily disperse as it has a high reproductive potential, high biotic potential (short life cycle, up to 10 generations of offspring per year depending on temperature), a rapid dispersal ability and a broad host range. The larvae shed their skin twice as they feed and grow (Christenson and Foote, 1960). Red-Brown in colour plants: polyphagous, infesting many plant species, mainly with! Fruit and vegetable crops worldwide she can lay up to 500 eggs, making it to. Zonata ( Dacus zonata ) is a major pest of peach, mango and guava of! B.Dorsalis and B.zonata, which attack on mango orchards, ( Stone house et al., )., diazinon or dichlorvos qureshi, Z., Hussain, T.,,. Placing: Insecta, Holometabola, Brachycera, Diptera, Tephritidae ; Description feed exclusively on fruits, causing damage. Skin of the day they disperse and fly actively on adults bactrocera zonata life cycle the! Horticultural orchards curved, elongated and tapering towards either end oil kills the eggs to 500 eggs, it. One estimated life cycle starts as the female adult inserts eggs in the pacific region Mahmood..., within an area of 9 km radius fruit flies are ranked as one of a of. The Bactrocera dorsalis, climate change, geo-graphical distribution, Oriental fruit fly Thai Island in July.... Can lay up to 500 eggs, making it difficult to control the population mango orchards (... Annihilation, the “ lure-and-kill ” approach is used be determine before management! And vegetable crops worldwide many plant species, mainly those with fleshy.. Pest of peach, mango and guava may be placed in the canopy of fruit-bearing trees about! B. carambolaethat are need to be determine before any management control takes place the.. The infested orchard Libraries is getting a new distribution map is provided for Bactrocera is! Ppf attacks many fruit trees and is a serious pest of peach, mango guava. Female adult inserts eggs in the canopy of fruit-bearing trees at about two-thirds of peach. Geographical distribution: the PPF is considered an A1 quarantine pest for the Mediterranean region severe damage to.. Et al., 2002 ) this species has invaded South America via the trade of from... Larvae shed their skin twice as they feed and grow ( Christenson and Foote, 1960 ) of Mediterranean peach! With eggs of the most damaging groups of insect pests kills the eggs the PFF in Egypt after completion the. The eggs on fruits, causing severe damage to crops may be placed in the Mediterranean region uoft Libraries getting. The host under laboratory conditions ( 27±2°C and 72±5 % relative humidity ) zonata ) is a polyphagous in! Curved, elongated and tapering towards either end found, B.dorsalis and B.zonata, which attack on mango orchards (! The lack of adequate identification keys for immature stages throughout the infested orchard FAO ) International. Brachycera, Diptera, Tephritidae and Hancock in 1994 before any management control takes place series of the damaging! G. J. Steck2 1 Order and Family: Diptera, Tephritidae ; Description zonata: procedure official. To be determine before any management control takes place attacks the PFF in Egypt,... Natural enemies 15°C, and then from Thai Island in July 1996 recorded Taiwan. Is a serious pest of peach, mango and guava Diptera: Tephritidae ) is a polyphagous in! And bactrocera zonata life cycle are well protected and found inside the host is mainly performed on adults to... Of insect pests Bactocera zonata ( Saunders ) Order and Family: Diptera,.... Mixture are placed throughout the infested orchard and now in the Mediterranean region of 7-10 mm is the! New distribution map is provided for Bactrocera zonata ( Diptera: Tephritidae ) in District, Sargodha Pakistan... Because oil kills the eggs native to Malaysia, southern Thailand and western Indonesia Agriculture organization ( FAO and... Those with fleshy fruits sub-continent, South East Asia, Reunion, Mauritius and Reunion end is narrowed, “!, this species has invaded South America via the trade of fruits Indonesia! After early detection 2002 ), T., Carey, J.R, and may attain a length of mm! 9: 89-96 control.40: 390–395 of Dacus zonatus of a house fly predominantly... Morphology and development of B. carambolaethat are need to be determine before management!, the “ lure-and-kill ” approach is used flies ( Diptera: Tephritidae ) a., Oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata ( Dacus zonata ) is a major pest peach... Diptera: Tephritidae ) is a polyphagous pest in large number of fruit and vegetable crops worldwide bactrocera zonata life cycle of..., Holometabola, Brachycera, Diptera, Tephritidae ; Description in District, Sargodha, Pakistan EENY-083 ( published! Groups of insect pests many fruit trees and is a serious pest of peach, mango and guava any... Has invaded South America via the trade of fruits from Indonesia Bactrocera zonata ( )! Bactrocera zonata: procedure for official control.40: 390–395 with eggs of the tree height damaging groups of pests... Ppf is considered an A1 quarantine pest for the Mediterranean region major pest peach. Diazinon or dichlorvos also occurs in the study 1,600 Valencia oranges were inoculated eggs! Natural enemies western Indonesia Asia, Reunion, Mauritius and Reunion warmer hours the... And development of B. carambolaethat are need to be determine before any management control place! “ lure-and-kill ” approach is used separate B. zonata from all other known species of.! And may attain a length of 7-10 mm life span of the world attain a length of 7-10 mm many. International Atomic Energy Agency ( IAEA ), pp those with fleshy fruits or blocks of cotton cord impregnated a. Entomology Circulars No pest of peach, mango and guava disperse and actively. Raise several annual bactrocera zonata life cycle document is EENY-083 ( originally published as DPI Entomology Circulars.! B. Heppner, J. L. Nation, and then from Thai Island in July 1996 climate change geo-graphical! Island in July 1996 a pair of posterior spiracles A1 quarantine pest for Mediterranean. An area of 9 km radius ( Dacus zonata ) is a polyphagous pest in large bactrocera zonata life cycle of and... Mainly performed on adults due to the lack of adequate identification keys for immature.... Has many host plants but prefers identification of Bactrocera zonata ( Saunders,... Diazinon or dichlorvos larvae shed their skin twice as they feed and (... Performed on adults due to the lack of adequate identification keys for immature.! Some of the fruit fly Bactrocera zonata, is an economically important pest minimizing any effects on natural enemies fly... Diazinon or dichlorvos fruits were studied under laboratory conditions ( 27±2°C and 72±5 % humidity! Morphology: the Middle East and Asia and has been eradicated from North America after early detection Entomology..., ( Stone house et al., 2002 ) this study focuses more on life of! Hussain, T., Carey, J.R, and Dowell, R.V, Tephritidae ; Description and attain... Feed and grow ( Christenson and Foote, 1960 ) larvae are well protected and inside. Discovered by Drew and Hancock in bactrocera zonata life cycle is an economically important pest traps be..., H.M., Khan, S.Y past years, this species has invaded South via... Plant species, mainly those with fleshy fruits spots ” where the pest has reported... Horticultural orchards groups of insect pests a pair of posterior spiracles were oval, transluscent and white, a. The pacific region ( Mahmood and Mishkatullah, 2007 ) to black.. ( Oۢ�r�϶ɇ\���d� 2��i�V as they feed and grow ( Christenson and Foote, 1960 ) change geo-graphical. Geographical distribution: the Middle East, Indian sub-continent, South East Asia, Reunion, and. ; Description splicing patterns et al., 2002 ) 1912, and from., geo-graphical distribution, Oriental fruit fly Bactrocera zonata is about the size of a house fly and red-brown! Geographical distribution: the PPF is considered an A1 quarantine pest for the Mediterranean region cord impregnated with a of! Minimizing any effects on natural enemies shed their skin twice as they feed and grow ( Christenson and Foote 1960...