He took part in the bitter retreat at the beginning of 1942 down the Malay Peninsula towards Singapore. Most of them endured more than three years as prisoners. Private Edwin Phelps was an Australian soldier in World War I and was captured by the German army during the battle of ­Bullecourt, France, in April 1917. During World War II many enemy aliens were interned in Australia under the National Security Act 1939. And the will to live. ! In 1942, a group of Australian nurses were murdered by Japanese soldiers in what came to be known as the Bangka Island massacre. 24th October 1943: Japanese execute Australian commando Leonard Siffleet The Major has drawn his favourite sword. World War II - Prisoners of War - Stalag Luft I A collection of stories, photos, art and information on Stalag Luft I . Message 1 - Prisoner of war Posted on: 21 April 2005 by gladglozzy. 20 Horrific Details about Japanese POW Camps During World War II By Steve The term “prisoner of war” dates as far back as 1660, recognizing an individual detained … ... War book printed 1987 "DIARY OF EDGAR WILKIE" written by W. Wilkie. A WW2 diary of an Australian Army POW in Japan. An Australian soldier known as The Crow led the greatest escape from a German prisoner of war camp. They included 7,115 Australian soldiers captured in North Africa or Greece; 1,476 airmen, mostly bomber aircrew shot down over Germany in 1943–45; and a few sailors. A Prisoner Of War (POW) is a person, whether combatant or non-combatant, who is held in custody by an enemy power during or immediately after an armed conflict. Testimony Transcript. Basic biographical information about all Australian servicemen and women is available on the Department of Veterans' Affairs Nominal Roll. It is because of the determination of men like Richards to tell this story that we are able to understand what captivity was like. The Letter . A third of these Australian prisoners were captured on 11 April 1917 at the First Battle of Bullecourt in northern France. I had a wife and a little girl. A strong emotion, hate or love, could help men get on the boat home. First Australian Pow Of Japanese - Malayan Campaign 1941-45: Memorial Windows honour Sandakan POWs : 2/3 Motor Ambulance Convoy: Lawyers On The Notorious Burma Thailand Railway: POW Lawyers cartoon by Dean Alston: Recovery Of Pows From Macassar By The Hms Maidstone 1945: Machine Gunners on Singapore: Anglo/Burmese family's harsh experiences under Japanese 1942/45: The … One of the more unusual items in the State Library’s collection is this diary written by Raymond Stewart on a toilet roll while he was a prisoner of war during World War II. Were the boys of O’ Flanagans Band . Oh’ there was O’Larny. The late Don McLaren was only 19 years old when his AIF unit was taken prisoner by the Japanese, after the fall of Singapore in 1942. We hear readings from Don McLaren's diary, which offers a personal and candid insight into the experience of an Australian POW during World War Two. We recognise their continuing connection to land, sea and waters. During World War II about 3,500 Australian military nurses served in combat regions throughout the world, most of whom were enlisted in the Australian Army Nursing Service (AANS). Translation of a letter from D. Rly to Camp Commandant regarding the conduct of British POW’s . Spent 3 1/2 years in Changi camp administration where he recorded the movements of over 100,000 POWs. In a conflict fought on five continents involving 65 belligerent nations, some 35 million military personnel became POWs.1 About 30 000 of these men were Australians.2 Italy and Germany held about a quarter of them. Our diary and letter collections offer a rich and personal insight into those who served in the Great War. Spent 3 1/2 years in Changi camp administration where he recorded the movements of over 100,000 POWs. Answers differed: some stressed military discipline, others individual initiative. You can take a glimpse of POW camp life. RC00972–73. Words of Rowley Richards: I think it was six or seven weeks to get from the far north right down to Singapore till the war finished. The 75th anniversary of World War II’s most iconic prisoner-of-war … Some of the POWs at Stalag Luft III, from Vivian Phillips’s journal. A WW2 diary of an Australian Army POW in Japan. A Prisoner Of War (POW) is a person, whether combatant or non-combatant, who is held in custody by an enemy power during or immediately after an armed conflict. Your generous donation will be used to ensure the memory of our Defence Forces and what they have done for us, and what they continue to do for our freedom remains – today and into the future. Welcome, Log in. Stories from World War I Our collection contains many stories – the personal accounts found in diaries, maps that document the progress of the war, newspapers and ephemera that reflect what was happening on the home front, life captured through the photographer’s lens. In Singapore, still a prisoner of war, one writes various official reports from the data in the diary, one gets it home to Australia, the Army asks for it, the Army gets it and the Army loses it." By war's end he and his team had compiled a card index of some 63,000 names. c. 1941. Credit: Australian War Memorial Reading rationed. During his last days in Thailand, Rowley Richards made a six-sheet summary of his diary, sealed it in a beer bottle, and buried it under the grave cross of Corporal Sydney Roy Gorlick while on a work party on an island off the coast of Singapore. All needed luck. RC00974, Records kept by Captain Rowley Richards while a doctor on the Burma–Thailand Railway. World War II - Prisoners of War - Stalag Luft I A collection of stories, photos, art and information on Stalag Luft I On the front page is a brief description of what the diary contains. Historians and relatives can now search through rare and important World War II records, as more than 20,000 Australian Prisoners of War records are published online for the first time. The diary was recovered by members of the War Graves Commission after the war and returned to Rowley, two and a half years after it was buried. In 1940, at 17 years of age, McLaren enlisted. Raymond kindly donated this unique diary to the Library in 1999. 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