[19] His mother was Jijabai, the daughter of Lakhuji Jadhavrao of Sindhkhed, a Mughal-aligned sardar claiming descent from a Yadav royal family of Devagiri. After gaining access to Khan's compound, the raiders were able to kill some of his wives; Shaista Khan escaped, losing a finger in the melee. This lethal weapon was used with poison to assassinate too. Another surviving spouse, Sakwarbai, was not allowed to follow suit because she had a young daughter. Possible errors in historical dates: Error in correction from Julian to Gregorian Calendars, Farooqui, A Comprehensive History of Medieval India 2011, Gier, The Origins of Religious Violence 2014, Eraly, Emperors of the Peacock Throne 2000, "Writer Babasaheb Purandare receives 'Maharashtra Bhushan' despite protests", "Supreme Court lifts ban on James Laine's book on Shivaji", "Protests over James Laine's book across Mumbai", "Hard-liners slam state, Supreme Court decision on Laine's Shivaji book", "comments : Modi unveils Shivaji statue at Limbayat", "INS Shivaji (Engineering Training Establishment) : Training", "Politics over Shivaji statue delays Mumbai airport expansion", "Mumbai Railway station renamed to Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus", "India Now Boasts The World's Tallest Statue, And It's Twice Lady Liberty's Size", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Shivaji&oldid=998433300, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2019, Wikipedia pages semi-protected due to dispute, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from February 2019, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from December 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2018, Articles with incomplete citations from August 2019, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Daniel Jasper (2003). Council of Eight Ministers or Ashta Pradhan Mandal, was an administrative and advisory council set up by Shivaji. The Government of Maharashtra lists 19 February as a holiday commemorating Shivaji's birth (Shivaji Jayanti). During the 17th century the Maratha Army was small in terms of numbers when compared to the Mughals, numbering some 100,000. [137][138][139], Hill forts played a key role in Shivaji's strategy. Scholars disagree on his date of birth. Orders came from the emperor to station Shivaji in Kabul, which Shivaji refused. The horses that Shivaji Maharaj used in his life, were very important in the creation and expansion of the Maratha kingdom. [28] Shivaji was taken to Bangalore where he, his elder brother Sambhaji, and his half brother Ekoji I were further formally trained. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj will soon return to Agra after a gap of 354 years. [29] As early as 1645, the teenage Shivaji expressed his concept for Hindavi Swarajya (Indian self-rule), in a letter. Shivaji was born into a Maratha warrior clan and his father worked as a Maratha General under various Deccan Sultanates. Shivaji Bhosle was born on February 19, 1630 to Shahaji Bhosle and Jijabai in the fort of Shivneri, near the city of Junnar of the Pune district. [34] The Maratha Firangoji Narsala, who held the Chakan fort, professed his loyalty to Shivaji, and the fort of Kondana was acquired by bribing the Bijapuri governor. [123], In a bid to effectively manage the large empire, Shahu and the Peshwas gave semi-autonomy to the strongest of the knights, creating the Maratha Confederacy. In 1674, he was formally crowned as the chhatrapati (emperor) of his realm at Raigad. Shivaji was a legendary Maratha king, who established the Maratha kingdom in western India. "[159], One of the first commentators to reappraise the critical British view of Shivaji was M. G. Ranade, whose Rise of the Maratha Power (1900) declared Shivaji's achievements as the beginning of modern nation-building. [171][172], In 2003, American academic James W. Laine published his book Shivaji: Hindu King in Islamic India, which was followed by heavy criticism including threats of arrest. Early life and exploits. Instead he asked for his forts to be returned and to serve the Mughals as a mansabdar; Aurangzeb rebutted that he must surrender his remaining forts before returning to Mughal service. Maharashtra home minister asks police to take action against stand-up comic for ‘insulting’ Chhatrapati Shivaji On Saturday afternoon, Deshmukh tweeted, “I have instructed CP (Commissioner of Police) Mumbai and IG (Inspector General) Cyber to take legal action expeditiously. [67], In retaliation for Shaista Khan's attacks, and to replenish his now-depleted treasury, in 1664 Shivaji sacked the port city of Surat, a wealthy Mughal trading centre. Full Name: Shivaji Bhosale I. Born/Died: 1627/30 - 1680. He also embodied the deathless spirit of our land and stood as the light of hope for our future.” [22] He was deeply interested in religious teachings, and regularly sought the company of Hindu saints. "Commemorating the 'golden age' of Shivaji in Maharashtra, India and the development of Maharashtrian public politics. The Marathas summoned Bengali Tantrik goswami Nischal Puri, who declared that the original coronation had been held under inauspicious stars, and a second coronation was needed. What if your sword could cut enemies to shreds, and also protect your hands effectively? Shiva Kashid dressed like Shivaji Maharaj, with a crown of Maharaj on the head, and sat in Shivray’s palanquin, came out of the fort with a hundred soldiers. [175] This lifting was followed by public demonstrations against the author and the decision of the Supreme Court. 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