Zn as Cd is found associated with a soluble low-molecular-weight protein called metallothionen, which is characterized by high-cysteine content. Based on the diffusion model of Drew et al. Feed Grade Zinc Oxide production as trace element additive for Feed (Premix) industry. Furthermore, the effect of foliar Zn application on decreasing grain P/Zn was more pronounced at high level of P application. How do we convert yield/plant to yield/ha? Because the zinc concentration in soil solution is normally very low, the supply to plant roots by mass flow can only account for a very small fraction of plant demand. The most common zinc fertilizer sources are zinc sulphate (ZnSO4.7H2O) with 21-22% Zn and zinc oxide with 50-80% Zn. Do you have access to particle size dependent studies of the ZnO solubility? Myo-inositol hexakisphosphate (IHP), a common organic phosphate, may interact with NPs and generate new transformation products. However, further studies are warranted to understand the mechanism of lower fertilizer-use efficiency by crop species. As the factory in China, we has cooperated with Tsinghua University and achieved significant results in the production and application of zinc oxide. Some papers quoted that synthesized zinc sulfate nano particles having the solubility of 100%. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0065211316300621, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0065211320300493, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128121047000186, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780124983106500195, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123918659000013, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780124171879000012, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128114421000055, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780444594532000615, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128121047000174, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128098073000147, Zinc nutrition for high productivity and human health in intensive production of wheat, Progress and Prospects for Micronutrient Biofortification in Rice/Wheat, Morgounov et al., 2007; Peleg et al., 2009; Zhao et al., 2009; Gomez-Becerra et al., 2010, Welch and Graham, 2004; Velu et al., 2012, Dobermann and Fairhurst, 2000; Farooq et al., 2011, Wissuwa et al., 2008; Tuyogon et al., 2016, The Agronomy and Economy of Black Pepper (Piper nigrum L.)—The “King of Spices”, Agronomy and Economy of Black Pepper and Cardamom, Wilkinson et al., 1968; Nair et al., 1984, Barber, 1984; Elgawhary et al., 1970; Wilkinson et al., 1968, Micronutrient Constraints to Crop Production in the Middle East–West Asia Region, Heavy Metal Levels in Fish, Molluscs, and Crustacea From Turkish Seas and Potential Risk of Human Health, Food Quality: Balancing Health and Disease, Handbook on the Toxicology of Metals (Fourth Edition), Shuman et al., 2001; Palazzo et al., 2003, Halsted et al., 1972; Çavdar et al., 1983, Micronutrient Malnutrition and Biofortification: Recent Advances and Future Perspectives, Preharvest Biofortification of Horticultural Crops, Arpita Das, ... Mohammed Wasim Siddiqui, in, Preharvest Modulation of Postharvest Fruit and Vegetable Quality, He and Nara, 2007; Rengel, 1999; White and Broadley, 2009. High concentrations damage susceptible plants (Shuman et al., 2001; Palazzo et al., 2003). In case of Zn, the most widespread inorganic Zn fertilizer is Zn sulfate, along with Zn oxide and synthetic Zn chelates (White and Broadley, 2009). Since Zn deficiency in humans has become a problem of major concern, current fertilizer research programs seek to improve not only yields but also grain Zn concentrations to address both food security and quality. DIAGNOSTIC TECHNIQUES Deficiency Symptoms Zinc functions as an enzyme activator in carbohydrate metabolism and protein formation. Meanwhile, foliar application of Zn fertilizer together with other elements did not cause any interfering effect between the elements. The major impacts are local. This concentration gradient will directly affect zinc uptake because of its effect on the average zinc concentration on the root surface. 1,263 zinc oxide fertilizer products are offered for sale by suppliers on Alibaba.com, of which potassium fertilizer accounts for 2%, organic fertilizer accounts for 1%, and sulphate accounts for 1%. Zn fertilizers applied during the maximum tillering or flowering stages are more effective for grain biofortification than Zn application at the transplanting stage (Phattarakul et al., 2012), due to greater Zn uptake through the roots or to leaf nutrient remobilization. As with Zn, soil Fe fertilization is not effective for grain biofortification, while foliar application of Fe fertilizers, at different stages of plant development, may be effective for improving grain Fe levels. Much effort is needed for the development of more effective and cheap soil-applied fertilizers. The DTPA extraction quantifies a labile fraction of soil zinc comprising water soluble, exchangeable, adsorbed, chelated, and some occluded zinc. Interactive effects of drought, organic fertilizer, and zinc oxide nanoscale and bulk particles on wheat performance and grain nutrient accumulation Author links open overlay panel Christian O. Dimkpa a Joshua Andrews a Joaquin Sanabria a Prem S. Bindraban a Upendra Singh a Wade H. Elmer b Jorge L. Gardea-Torresdey c Jason C. White b Increasing the nitrogen (N) nutritional status of plants also improves grain Fe or Zn concentrations, due to their synergistic interactions; therefore, Zn or Fe fertilizers should be applied with urea (Kutman et al., 2010). Although its exact role is not known, zinc is one of the micronutrients plants need to grow efficiently. Progress and application of fertilizers in nanoforms are one of the effective options for considerable improvement of the agricultural yield worldwide. I am having an issue with it staying stable over time. (1978) reported that residual Zn from 34 kg Zn ha− 1 as ZnSO4 applied to corn proved adequate to correct the deficiency for 4–5 years. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. 14) (Bouis, 2003; Bouis and Welch, 2010; Cakmak, 2008; Cakmak and Kutman, 2017; Carvalho and Vasconcelos, 2013; Chen et al., 2017). In this study, we … The molecular mechanisms of Zn uptake and distribution have been well studied in crop plants (Bashir et al., 2012; Yamaguchi et al., 2012; Suzuki et al., 2012). Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) are considered as a biosafe material for biological … As Fe and Zn don't have any antagonistic effect, the combined foliar application of Fe and Zn fertilizers can be used to improve grain Fe and Zn levels, but the effectiveness needs to be studied for practical use (Wei et al., 2012). There is a great paucity of published material on the effect of buffer power on availability of heavy metals. 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